Chapter 1. Carbon Compounds and Chemical Bonds. Chapter 2. Representative Carbon Compounds: Functional Groups, Intermolecular Forces, and Infrared (IR) Spectroscopy. Chapter 3. An Introduction to Organic Reactions: Acids and Bases. Chapter 4. Alkanes: Nomenclature, Conformational Analysis, and an Introduction to Synthesis. Chapter 5. Stereochemistry: Chiral Molecules. Chapter 6. Ionic Reactions Nucleophilic Substitution and Elimination Reactions of Alkyl Halides. Chapter 7. Alkenes and Alkynes I: Properties and Synthesis, Elimination Reactions of Alkyl Halides. Chapter 8. Alkenes and Alkynes II: Addition Reactions. Chapter 9. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance and Mass Spectrometry: Tools for Structure Determination. Chapter 10. Radical Reactions. Chapter 11. Alcohols and Ethers. Chapter 12. Alcohols from Carbonyl Compounds. Oxidation Reduction and Organometallic Compounds. Chapter 13. Conjugated Unsaturated Systems. Chapter 14. Aromatic Compounds. Chapter 15. Reactions of Aromatic Compounds. Chapter 16. Aldehydes and Ketones I: Nucleoph ilic Addition to the Carbonyl Group. Chapter 17. Aldehydes and Ketones II: Aldol Reactions. Chapter 18. Carboxylic Acids and Their Derivatives. Nucleophilic Addition Elimination at the Acyl Carbon. Chapter 19. Synthesis and Reactions of s Dicarbonyl Compounds: More Chemistry of Enolate Ions. Chapter 20. Amines. Chapter 21. Phenols and Aryl Halides: Nucleophilic Aromatic Substitution. Chapter 22. Carbohydrates. Chapter 23. Lipids. Chapter 24. Amino Acids and Proteins. Chapter 25. Nucleic Acids and Protein Synthesis. Answers to Selected Problems. Glossary. Photo and Illustration Credits. Index.