Introduction - W Richard Scott From Technology to EnvironmentPART ONE: THE INSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTUREInstitutionalized Organizations - John W Meyer and Brian Rowan Formal Structure as Myth and CeremonyInstitutional and Technical Sources of Organizational Structure - John W Meyer, W Richard Scott, and Terrence E Deal Explaining the Structure of Educational OrganizationsPART TWO: VARIETIES OF INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTSThe Structure of Educational Organizations - John W Meyer and Brian RowanHealth Care Organizations in the 1980s - W Richard Scott The Convergence of Public and Professional Control SystemsReform Movements and Organizations - W Richard Scott The Case of AgingThe Organization of Societal Sectors - W Richard Scott and John W MeyerThe Organization of Environments - W Richard Scott Network, Cultural, and Historical ElementsPART THREE: FRAGMENTED CENTRALIZATION AND ITS ORGANIZATIONAL CONSEQUENCESCentralization of Funding and Control in Educational Governance - John W MeyerCentralization and the Legitimacy Problems of Local Government - John W Meyer and W Richard ScottOrganizational Factors Affecting Legalization in Education - John W MeyerInnovation and Knowledge Use in American Public Education - John W MeyerConclusion - John W Meyer Institutionalization and the Rationality of Formal Organizational Structure
W. Richard (Dick) Scott (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Sociology with courtesy appointments in the Graduate School of Business, School of Education, and School of Medicine, Stanford University. He has spent his entire professional career at Stanford and served as the founding director of the Stanford Center for Organizations Research. He is the author of many articles and more than a dozen scholarly books, including two widely used texts in the area of organizations: an early book, Formal Organizations (1962), coauthored with Peter M Blau, and the more recent volume, Organizations: Rational, Natural and Open Systems (1981/1987/1992/1998), now in its 4th edition. Scott is a past fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and was the recipient in 1988 of the Distinguished Scholar Award from the Management and Organization Theory Division of the Academy of Management. In 1996, he received the Richard D. Irwin Award for Scholarly Contributions to Management from the Academy of Management.