Introduction - W Richard Scott From Technology to Environment PART ONE: THE INSTITUTIONAL ORIGINS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Institutionalized Organizations - John W Meyer and Brian Rowan Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony Institutional and Technical Sources of Organizational Structure - John W Meyer, W Richard Scott, and Terrence E Deal Explaining the Structure of Educational Organizations PART TWO: VARIETIES OF INSTITUTIONAL ENVIRONMENTS The Structure of Educational Organizations - John W Meyer and Brian Rowan Health Care Organizations in the 1980s - W Richard Scott The Convergence of Public and Professional Control Systems Reform Movements and Organizations - W Richard Scott The Case of Aging The Organization of Societal Sectors - W Richard Scott and John W Meyer The Organization of Environments - W Richard Scott Network, Cultural, and Historical Elements PART THREE: FRAGMENTED CENTRALIZATION AND ITS ORGANIZATIONAL CONSEQUENCES Centralization of Funding and Control in Educational Governance - John W Meyer Centralization and the Legitimacy Problems of Local Government - John W Meyer and W Richard Scott Organizational Factors Affecting Legalization in Education - John W Meyer Innovation and Knowledge Use in American Public Education - John W Meyer Conclusion - John W Meyer Institutionalization and the Rationality of Formal Organizational Structure
W. Richard (Dick) Scott (Ph.D., University of Chicago) is a Professor Emeritus in the Department of Sociology with courtesy appointments in the Graduate School of Business, School of Education, and School of Medicine, Stanford University. He has spent his entire professional career at Stanford and served as the founding director of the Stanford Center for Organizations Research. He is the author of many articles and more than a dozen scholarly books, including two widely used texts in the area of organizations: an early book, Formal Organizations (1962), coauthored with Peter M Blau, and the more recent volume, Organizations: Rational, Natural and Open Systems (1981/1987/1992/1998), now in its 4th edition. Scott is a past fellow of the Center for Advanced Study in the Behavioral Sciences, and was the recipient in 1988 of the Distinguished Scholar Award from the Management and Organization Theory Division of the Academy of Management. In 1996, he received the Richard D. Irwin Award for Scholarly Contributions to Management from the Academy of Management.