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Paleopalynology
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Table of Contents

Chapter 1 What Paleopalynology Is and Is Not 1. Definition of the subject 2. Historical Matters 3. Annotated Bibliography of Readily Available Publications Chapter 2 Why One 'Does' Paleopalynology and Why It Works 1. Purposes 2. Why Paleopalynology Works 3 Disadvantages and Limitations Chapter 3 The Natural History of Palynomorphs 1. Introduction 2. Chitin 3. Sporopollenin 4. Palynomorphs in Petroleum 5. General Occurrence of Palynomorphs in Time Chapter 4 Spores/Pollen Basic Biology 1. Introduction 2. Bryophyte Life Cycles 3. Pteridophyte Life Cycles 4. Seed Plant Life Cycles 5. Spores, Pollen, 'Miospores,' and Other Terminological Troubles Chapter 5 Spores/Pollen Morphology 1. Introduction 2. Morphological Types 3. 'Shell Code' 4. Morphological Types in Detail 5. Supplemental Notes on Morphology 6. Exine Surface, and Subsurface: Sculpture and Structure 7. Spores/Pollen Orientation and Shape 8. Microscopic Methods and Sporomorph Morphology Chapter 6 Stratigraphic Palynology--Precambrian, Cambrian, Ordovician 1. Introduction 2. Acritarchs and Other Phytoplankton of Precambrian-Ordovician 3. Cambrian/Ordovician Cryptospores 4. Cambrian/Ordovician Chitinozoans 5. Cambrian/Ordovician Scolecodonts Chapter 7 Cambrian to Silurian Non-Marine Palynology 1. General Discussion 2. 'Non-Spore' Palynology Chapter 8 Devonian Palynology 1. Introduction 2. Paleozoic Spore Morphology andPertinence to the Devonian 3. Megaspores, Seeds, and Pollen 4. Pollen vs. Spore Morphology, Polarity, and Germination 5. Non-Spore Palynomorphs in the Devonian 6. Devonian Palynostratigraphy Chapter 9 Carboniferous/Permian Palynology to the End of the 'Paleophytic' 1. Introduction 2. Potonie's Turmal System and Modifications of It 3. 'Turmal' Classification of Paleophytic (Silurian To About Mid-Permian) Spores and Pollen 4. Paleobotanical Matters Regarding the Late 'Paleophytic' 5. 'Paleophytic' Spores/pollen: the Plants Which Produced Them 6. Paleoecology of Late Paleozoic Spores 7. Comments on Trends in the 'Paleophytic' and the 'Paleophytic'/'Mesophytic' Boundary 8. Morphological Comment Regarding Carboniferous/Permian Pseudosaccate and Saccate Spores/Pollen and Related Matters 8.1. About 'Protosaccate' and 'Eusaccate' 9. Late Carboniferous-Permian Megaspores 10. Carboniferous-Permian Acritarchs Chapter 10 Permo-Triassic Palynofloras 1. Introduction 2. Striates and Bisaccates, Permo-Triassic Hallmarks 3. Other Spore/Pollen Types of Permo-Triassic 4. Permo-Triassic Acritarchs 5. Terminal Permian 'Fungal Spike' (?) and Related Matters Chapter 11 Triassic-Jurassic Palynology 1. Introduction 2. Circumpolloid Pollen 3. Colpate (Sulcate) Forms in The Triassic/Jurassic 4. Further Notes on Triassic/Jurassic Saccates 5. Jurassic Palynomorph Paleogeography 6. Major Known Botanical Relationships of 'Mesophytic' (Late Permian-Early Cretaceous) Dispersed Spores/Pollen Genera Chapter 12 Triassic-Jurassic Megaspores, Dinoflagellates, Other Microplankton 1.

About the Author

Alfred Traverse first encountered palynology, then a smaller subject called `pollen analysis', in courses at Cambridge University under Harry Godwin and others, in 1946-47. At Harvard University he did a Ph. D. dissertation with E. S. Barghoorn on a mid-Cenozoic palynoflora, it was in 1951 the first doctoral dissertation on paleopalynology in the USA. He then worked as a coal technologist and palynologist for the U.S. Bureau of Mines and Shell Oil Company, 1951-1965, and became Assistant Professor of Palynology at Pennsylvania State University, 1966-92. He was guest professor of palynology at the Swiss Federal Technical Institute, 1980-81, and at the Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt, Germany, 1991-92. He is now Emeritus Professor Palynology at Penn State, and continues to do research in the field. His publications in palynology cover all geological periods from Ordovician to present, and many of the kinds of palynomorphs, as well a such contributions to general palynological topics as the books, Paleopalynology (1st Ed., Unwin-Hyman, 1988), and Sedimentation of Organic Particles (Cambridge Univ. Press, 1994). He was for some years Editor of the Catalog of Fossil Spores and Pollen, and remains keenly interested in nomenclature and systematics of fossil palynomorphs.

Reviews

From the reviews of the second edition: "Paleopalynology, second edition, provides profusely illustrated treatment of fossil palynomorphs, including spores, pollen, dinoflagellate cysts, acritarchs, chitinozoans, scolecodonts, and various microscopic fungal and algal dispersal bodies. The book serves both as a student text and general reference work. Palynomorphs yield information about age, geological and biological environment, climate during deposition, and other significant factors about the enclosing rocks. Extant spores and pollen are treated first, preparing the student for more difficult work with fossil sporomorphs and other kinds of palynomorphs. Recognizing that palynomorphs occur together in rocks because of chemical robustness and stratigraphic distribution, not biological relationship, the central sections are organized stratigraphically. Among many other topics presented are the sedimentation and geothermal alteration of palynomorphs, and palynofacies analysis. An appendix describes laboratory methods. The glossary, bibliographies and index are useful tools for study of the literature." American Association of Stratigraphic Palynologists, Newsletter September 2007, Volume 40, Number 3. "This book, like the first edition, succeeds admirably and will be a necessary addition to any pollen laboratory. The book could be used as an introductory textbook in a course in geological palynology, but it is also a reference that would be of use in pollen labs or for people needing an introduction to this literature". Review published in EOS, Vol. 89, No. 11, 11 March 2008, written by Konrad Gajewski, Lab. for Paleoclimatology and Climatology, Dept. of Geography, Univ. of Ottowa, Canada. "Paleopalynology defines this subdiscipline of paleontology in a single concise volume. ... The bibliography, glossary, and index are comprehensive, all of which contributes to the utility of this work as a stand-alone manual of paleopalynology. ... it is possible, with this book in hand, to gain the basics needed to do research on fossil pollen and spores. This work belongs in all libraries that profess to include the natural sciences. Summing Up: Essential. All levels." P. K. Strother, CHOICE, Vol. 45 (8), 2008. "The book has been thoroughly updated with contemporary references, some new topics, a variety of new ideas, and some old conundrums resolved. ... The second edition of Paleopalynology adds new data on the sedimentation and taphonomy of palynomorphs and extracts key concepts from the 1994 volume to give the reader a concise and practical overview ... for a variety of geological questions. ... an invaluable reference for working scientists and a comprehensive text for students. ... Certainly this is an invaluable scientific contribution.", Nan Crystal Arens, American Paleontologist, Vol. 17 (1), Spring 2009. "This book is a valuable asset to paleopalynology and highlights its importance as a microplaleontological discipline. ... This book will serve as a useful reference for palynologists and nonpalynologists, and for professionals and students ... .", Francisca E. Oboh-Ikuenobe, Palaios Society for Sedimentary Geology, June, 2009.

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