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The Pearson Guide to Critical and Creative Thinking
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Critical and creative thinking for life experience and career success The first edition of The Pearson Guide to Critical and Creative Thinking provides students with the tools, techniques, and strategies for thinking both critically and creatively. A toolbox for higher-order analytical and imaginative thinking, readers practice critical and creative thinking by applying learned theories to examples, demonstrations, and exercises. Exercises involve both individual and collaborative critical and creative thinking applications across academic disciplines, as well as in personal and professional career contexts. The clear and easy to follow writing style makes concepts and theories accessible to all students, especially in the foundational chapters. Later chapters enable students to exercise their reasoning skills and judgment by generating ideas and applying what they've learned.
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Table of Contents

In This Section: I) Brief Table of Contents II) Detailed Table of Contents I) Brief Table of Contents PART ONE - INTRODUCING CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING Chapter 1. Developing Critical Thinking Chapter 2. Developing Creative Thinking PART TWO - CRITICAL THINKING: ANALYSIS Chapter 3. Analyzing Language Chapter 4. Analyzing Images Chapter 5. Thinking, Reading, Writing PART THREE - CRITICAL THINKING: ARGUMENT Chapter 6. Reasoning Well: Sound Thinking Chapter 7. Reasoning Badly: Thinking Fallacies Chapter 8. Analyzing and Constructing Arguments PART FOUR - CREATIVE THINKING: GENERATING IDEAS Chapter 9. Parallel Thinking and Lateral Thinking Chapter 10. Finding Ideas Through Imaginative Thinking Chapter 11. Creative Whacks and Thinkertoys PART FIVE - CREATIVE THINKING: APPLICATIONS AND EXPLORATIONS Chapter 12. Thinking about Design Chapter 13. Thinking about Innovation Chapter 14. Thinking about Technology and Information II) Detailed Table of Contents PART ONE - INTRODUCING CRITICAL AND CREATIVE THINKING Chapter 1. Developing Critical Thinking Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions What is Critical Thinking? Habits of Mind Overcoming Obstacles to Thinking A Model for Critical Thinking Thinking about Thinking: How We Know What We Know Focus on Perception: Perception and Knowledge Being Wrong Intuitions and Rationalizations The Pleasures and Benefits of Error The Perspective of Philosophy Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 2. Developing Creative Thinking Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions What is Creative Thinking? Seeking Alternatives and Possibilities Broadening Perception Reversing Relationships Cross-Fertilization Shifting Attention Denying the Negative, Pursuing the Possible The Eight Commandments of Ideation SCAMPER The Creative Habit Developing Creative Confidence Idea Killers and Idea Growers Creative Questioning Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources PART TWO - CRITICAL THINKING: ANALYSIS Chapter 3. Analyzing Language Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions Language Saturation Words The Prevalence of Metaphor Language and Thought Reports, Inferences, and Judgments Language and Critical Analysis An Approach to Analysis Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 4. Analyzing Images Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions The Prevalence and Power of Images Image, Icon, Symbol, Sign The Vocabulary of Comics Images with Words: Analyzing an Advertisement Observations and Analysis: Allen Edmonds Shoe Ad Images, Ideas and Emotion Comparing Representational and Abstract Images A Graphic Novel: Shaun Tan's The Arrival Two Powerful Images Moving Images: The Power of Movies The Attraction of Movies Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 5. Thinking, Reading, Writing Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions Why Read? The Pleasures of Reading Kinds of Reading Why Write? The Pleasures of Writing Kinds of Writing Active Reading The Interpretive Impulse An Approach to Reading and Writing Summarizing and Paraphrasing Evaluation-Judging and Considering Values Writing to Evaluate a Text The Value of Reading Digital Reading Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources PART THREE - CRITICAL THINKING: ARGUMENT Chapter 6. Reasoning Well: Sound Thinking Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions The Pervasiveness of Argument What is an Argument? Argument Basics: Claims, Evidence, Assumptions Argument and Implications Going Further Into Evidence: Claims, Warrants, Backing Inductive and Deductive Reasoning Syllogisms and Argument Argument and Authority Argument and Analogy Argument and Causality Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 7. Reasoning Badly: Thinking Fallacies Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions How Thinking Goes Wrong Fallacies-Errors in Reasoning Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 8. Analyzing and Constructing Arguments Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions Analyzing Arguments Logic and Rhetoric Logos, Ethos, Pathos Argument and Eloquence-"Letter from Birmingham Jail" Constructing Arguments Guidelines for Constructing an Argument Argument and the Classical Oration Rogerian Argument Cultural Relativism Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources PART FOUR - CREATIVE THINKING: GENERATING IDEAS Chapter 9. Parallel Thinking and Lateral Thinking Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions Thinking Tools Six Thinking Hats Lateral Thinking Concepts Essences Concepts as Cognitive Tools Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 10. Finding Ideas Through Imaginative Thinking Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions The Priority of Imagination Imagination First: Unlocking Possibility Why Imagination? Imagination, Creativity, Innovation Capacities for Imaginative Thinking Raising Your Imagination Quotient The Limits of Imagination What is an Idea? Why Ideas are Important How to Get Ideas Creation and Destruction Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 11. Creative Whacks and Thinkertoys Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions Creative Whacks Explorer, Artist, Judge, Warrior Thinkertoys Using Paradox Combining Things Thinking the Unthinkable Walt Disney-Dreamer, Realist, Critic Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources PART FIVE - CREATIVE THINKING: APPLICATIONS AND EXPLORATIONS Chapter 12. Thinking about Design Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions What We Talk About When We Talk About Design Design and Everyday Life The Design of Processes Good and Bad Design Levels of Design Design and Human Behavior Designing for Error Paradoxes of Design Principles of Design Design Constraints and Compromises Anti-Design Design Thinking Design, Art, and Society Design and Truth Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 13. Thinking about Innovation Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions What is Innovation? Principles of Innovation Conditions of Innovation Innovation and Resonance Innovation Myths and Innovation Drivers Inadvertent Discoveries Achieving Insights Group and Solo Innovation Where Good Ideas Come From Creating Innovators Zig-Zag Innovation Social Innovation What Thwarts Innovation? Balancing Innovation Factors Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources Chapter 14. Thinking about Technology and Information Learning Goals Chapter Overview Focusing Questions The Power and Promise of Technology The Internet and Responsibility Into the Electronic Millennium Technology Education Technopoly Technology and Ethics Social Networking Does Facebook Reduce Life to a Data Base? The Implications of Artificial Intelligence Technology and Our Brains Digital Citizenship Technology and Information The River of Knowledge The Trustworthiness of Information Big Data Information, Privacy, and Political Control Information, Meaning, and Knowledge Looking Back and Looking Ahead Resources

About the Author

Dr. Robert DiYanni is a professor of humanities at New York University, where he teaches literature, writing, interdisciplinary humanities, and critical/creative thinking. Professor DiYanni holds a B.A. in English from Rutgers University and a Ph.D. in English Language and Literature from The City University of New York. He has lectured and conducted workshops on critical and creative thinking in twenty countries, including Canada, China, England, France, Germany, Mexico, and the US. Among his many books are Literature: Reading Fiction, Poetry, and Drama; Modern American Poets: Their Voices and Visions; Modern American Prose; Writing about the Humanities; and Arts and Culture: An Introduction to the Humanities. This last book formed the basis for a series of lectures given with co-author, Janetta Benton, at the Metropolitan Museum of Art. Prior to coming to NYU, Dr. DiYanni taught at Queens College CUNY, Pace University, and as a Visiting Professor at Harvard University. He has also served as Senior Director of International Services at The College Board, and as Director of Arts and Aesthetic Education for the Scarsdale, NY public schools.

Reviews

"The organization is great. Each chapter adds to the ones that follow and allows the student to build upon what they are learning from one chapter to the next." -Tanya Allred, New Mexico State University at Alamogordo "This style is user friendly. It was easy to read and was not too technical or difficult to understand . . . The content is relevant, accurate and solid" - Laura Earner, Saint xavier University "The author does make good use of concrete examples. Students taking such a course likely have a variety of backgrounds and major areas of interest. This text takes that into account with examples ranging from photos and drawings to math equations, to poetry." - Carol Davis, California State University, Monterey Bay "I like the tone of the book. . . . the exercises and their mix of self-examination and scholarship. I like the breadth of topics that are included at the end of the book. They take critical thinking into realms students might not have considered before." - Christina Conroy, Morehead State University "One of the best elements of this text is its flexibility. It provides instructors with the ability to market their Critical Thinking courses to different student audiences as well." - Lisa Bellantoni, Albright College "One of the main things that I like about this text is the interaction with the reader. The exercises interspersed through the chapters involve the reader in the text and force them to 'think'." - Cathy Hall, Indiana University Northwest

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