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Perception, Cognition, and Decision Training: The Quiet Eye in Action

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Home » Books » Nonfiction » Psychology » Developmental » Lifespan Development

Perception, Cognition, and Decision Training

The Quiet Eye in Action

By Joan N. Vickers

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Format: Hardcover, 267 pages
Other Information: Illustrated
Published In: United Kingdom, 01 July 2007
Athletes must be able to make split-second decisions under the pressures of competition, but often this vital learning is left to chance. With Perception, Cognition, and Decision Training: The Quiet Eye in Action, readers gain access to the research foundations behind an innovative decision-training system that has been used successfully for years in training athletes. Certain to become the definitive guide to decision making in sport, this text presents three innovations solidly based in research. The first is the vision-in-action method of recording what athletes actually see when they perform. The second is the quiet eye phenomenon that has attracted considerable media attention. The third innovation is decision training to identify not only how athletes make performance decisions but also how to facilitate visual perception and action to enhance performance. Author Joan Vickers-who discovered the quiet eye and developed the vision-in-action method-takes the next step by integrating all three innovations into a system for helping athletes improve. Together, these advances provide scientific evidence of the effectiveness of perception-action coupling in athletes' training. Perception, Cognition, and Decision Training: The Quiet Eye in Action is applied to a variety of sports and settings through a three-step decision-training model and seven ready-to-use tools for encouraging athletes to become part of the decision-training process. These tools are research-based concepts that coaches can choose from in order to help train athletes on a specific decision-making task in a simulated competition context. The book also uses these features:-Informative chapter-opening items provide an overview of the content, and special sections recap the previous chapter and introduce the next.-Screen captures from the latest in eye-tracking technology show what athletes actually see, where their eyes are directed, and how their gaze differs depending on their ability level.-Boldfaced key terms and a thorough glossary make it easy to identify key concepts in this emerging field of study.-Chapter-closing in-action sections provide an opportunity to visit Web sites, read articles, or complete tasks to discover how the concepts learned can be applied.-Case studies show how coaches and athletes in various sports have successfully used gaze control and decision training.The book is organized into three parts. Part I introduces the visuomotor system and two processing systems that work together to permit the great range of actions humans perform. Eye-tracking technology is reviewed along with new possibilities for measuring what athletes really see when they perform. In part II, the author presents a unique framework of gaze control. Readers will learn how skilled athletes control the gaze to gain optimal control of their attention and decision making. The quiet eye phenomenon, measurement, and training are also addressed. Part III describes the three-step decision-training model and its application to how coaches design practice, provide feedback, use questions, and give instructions. Case studies show how others are using the model and the seven decision-training tools. Decision training is designed to improve athletes' attention, anticipation, concentration, memory, and problem-solving skills, leading to extraordinary long-term gains. The cutting-edge research presented in this book allows readers to appreciate the growing importance of cognition, vision, and decision making; it also shows them how to apply this knowledge to sport training and coaching.

Table of Contents

PrefaceIntroductionVisuomotor CoordinationThree Categories of Gaze ControlThe Quiet EyeSummary of Theoretical OrientationPart I. Visual Perception, Cognition, and ActionChapter 1. Visual System, Motor Control, and the Changing BrainVisual SystemProperties of the Gaze in SpaceNeural Centers of the BrainChanges in the BrainChapter 2. Measuring What Athletes SeeWhat Do Athletes See?Eye-Tracking Technology TodayVisual-Search ParadigmVision-in-Action ParadigmInterpreting Vision-in-Action DataChapter 3. Visual Attention and Gaze ControlInformation-Processing TimeWhat Is Visual Attention?Control of the Gaze and Overt and Covert AttentionVisual Attention and Representation of the WorldPart II. Gaze Control and the Quiet Eye in SportChapter 4. Gaze Control FrameworkThree Categories of Gaze ControlFour Factors That Affect Gaze ControlChapter 5. Gaze Control to a Single Fixed TargetHas Targeting Contributed to a Bigger Brain? Gaze Control in the Basketball Free ThrowGaze Control in the Jump ShotQuiet Eye in the Free Throw and Jump ShotQuiet-Eye Training in Basketball ShootingQuiet Eye and EEG in Rifle Shooting Quiet Eye in Biathlon Shooting Under PressureChapter 6. Gaze Control in Abstract-Target and Moving-Target TasksGaze Control in Golf PuttingQuiet-Eye Training in GolfQuiet Eye in BilliardsGaze Control in Moving-Target Tasks Interpreting the Quiet-Eye Period in Targeting TasksChapter 7. Gaze Control in Interceptive Timing TasksInterceptive Timing Tasks DefinedObject Recognition: Anticipating Object FlightObject Tracking: Reading a Moving ObjectObject Tracking and Object Control: Hitting Targets in Table TennisObject Recognition, Object Tracking, and Object ControlQuiet-Eye Training in the Volleyball Serve ReceptionRelationship Between Gaze Control and Verbal Reports Gaze Control in Ice Hockey GoaltendingChapter 8. Gaze Control in Tactical TasksWhat Are Tactical Tasks?Visual-Spatial IntelligenceTenenbaum's Context and Target Control ModelKlein's Recognition-Primed Model of Decision MakingGaze Control During LocomotionGaze Control During Set and Novel PlaysPart III. Decision Training in SportChapter 9. Decision-Training ModelFour Foundations of Decision Training Paradox of Modern Motor Learning ResearchThree-Step Decision-Training ModelEvidence Showing the Effectiveness of Decision TrainingChapter 10. Designing Practices With a Decision-Training FocusDT Tool 1: Variable Practice (Smart Variations)DT Tool 2: Random Practice (Smart Combinations) Research Support for Variable and Random PracticeVariable and Random Practice in the Sport SettingExample 1: Decision Training in Badminton TacticsExample 2: Decision Training in Freestyle Ski JumpingExample 3: Decision Training in Golf PuttingChapter 11. Providing Feedback With a Decision-Training FocusFeedback DefinedDT Tool 3: Bandwidth FeedbackDT Tool 4: QuestioningResearch Support for Bandwidth Feedback and QuestioningDT Tool 5: Video Feedback and Self-RegulationExample 1: Decision Training in Biathlon SkiingExample 2: Decision Training in CounselingChapter 12. Providing Instruction With a Decision-Training FocusDT Tool 6: Hard-First Instruction and ModelingDoes Modeling Improve Performance?DT Tool 7: External Focus of InstructionExample 1: Decision Training in Cycle RacingExample 2: Decision Training in Speed SkatingGlossaryReferencesAdditional Quiet Eye and Decision Training ResourcesIndexAbout the Author

About the Author

Joan N. Vickers, PhD, is a researcher who has been conducting research in gaze control and motor behavior in sport since 1980. From her research, she originated the vision-in-action method, discovered the quiet eye, and developed decision training. Vickers' work has been featured on CNN, with Alan Alda on PBS, and in Golf Digest. She is currently a kinesiology professor at the University of Calgary where she also provides decision training as a professional certification. Dr. Vickers previously wrote Instructional Design for Teaching Physical Activity, is a reviewer for many journals, and is a member of the North American Society for Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity (NASPSPA) and other professional organizations. An internationally known speaker, she has introduced and taught decision training throughout Canada, and many sport organizations in Canada have adopted the approach.

EAN: 9780736042567
ISBN: 0736042563
Publisher: Human Kinetics Publishers
Dimensions: 27.94 x 22.05 x 2.51 centimetres (1.09 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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