Preface to fourth edition vii Acknowledgements xi Conversion tables xiii Pesticide calculation xv Units, abbreviations and symbols xvi 1 Chemical control in integrated pest management 1 2 Targets for pesticide deposition 23 3 Formulation of pesticides 63 4 Spray droplets 91 5 Hydraulic nozzles 125 6 Manually carried hydraulic sprayers 159 7 Power-operated hydraulic sprayers 181 8 Air-assisted sprayers 215 9 Controlled droplet application 245 10 Electrostatically charged sprays 275 11 Aerial application 299 12 Spray drift 337 13 Seed treatment, dust and granule application 363 14 Space treatment by fogging 381 15 Specialist application techniques (injection, fumigation and other techniques) 399 16 Application of biopesticides 411 17 Maintenance of equipment 429 18 Safety precautions 443 19 Equipment for laboratory and field trials 471 20 Selection of application equipment for chemical and biological pesticides 487 Appendix: standards relating to pesticide application 499 Index 503 Colour plate section 1 falls between pages 174 and 175 Colour plate section 2 falls between pages 254 and 255
Graham A. Matthews is Emeritus Professor of PestManagement at Imperial College, UK. After his experience indeveloping integrated pest management of cotton pests in Africa, heled the International Pesticides Application Research Centre atSilwood Park, UK, and has travelled extensively as a consultant forinternational organisations and industry and to participate intraining programmes. He has also been an advisor onapplication equipment for the World Health Organisation. Paul Miller is currently a Specialist Adviser with the SilsoeSpray Applications Unit, part of NIAB TAG and secretary to TheDouglas Bomford Trust. He has been involved with cropspraying research and development since the early 1980 s whenhe led the Chemical Applications Group at Silsoe Research Instituteprior to becoming Director of Technology at the Institute. Hehas worked on a wide range of crop spraying projects bothnationally and internationally and particularly those concernedwith sprayer controls and managing the risk of spray drift. Roy Bateman is a visiting Senior Lecturer at ImperialCollege and Harper Adams University (UK), and Nong Lam University(Viet Nam). With 35 years of experience in crop protectionworld-wide, he is currently a consultant on biopesticides and alsospecialises in pest management for cocoa industry and theInternational Cocoa Organisation. Previous work has includedextension and research in tropical agriculture, with 12 yearsdeveloping Green Muscle : a locustmycoinsecticide.