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Philosophy After Darwin
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In recent years, philosophers have had plenty to say about the relevance of evolutionary thinking to questions about knowledge, rationality, and ethics. This judiciously chosen and wide-ranging set of readings, prefaced by expert introductions from editor Michael Ruse, helps us to understand the current state of play in these debates, and also their historical roots. It is an excellent collection. -- Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge A very appealing volume. Philosophy after Darwin is a very useful addition to the Darwinian literature, one that seeks to increase public awareness and appreciation of the significant role that Darwin and his collaborators and successors have had in shaping both our cultural practices and our theoretical understanding of them. -- Michael Bradie, Bowling Green State University An extremely useful contribution. A collection with the scope and depth of this one on the interrelationship of evolution, epistemology, and ethics has not appeared in a decade. Ruse provides a historical tour of the most influential ideas and arguments that have framed the current investigations. The newly commissioned works included here will push the debate forward. -- R. Paul Thompson, University of Toronto Darwin's influence on philosophy is wide and deep, but not often recognized by professional philosophers, students of philosophy, or general readers. The topics dealt with in Philosophy after Darwin are likely to become even more relevant and important in the future. No other book provides so valuable an introduction, and no other scholar is better qualified to write on Darwin and philosophy than Ruse. -- Richard A. Richards, University of Alabama

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix Introduction 1 Part I. Epistemology after Darwin 13 HERBERT SPENCER: The Principles of Psychology 29 FRIEDRICH NIETZSCHE: The Gay Science 32 CHAUNCEY WRIGHT: The Evolution of Self- Consciousness 34 CHARLES SANDERS PEIRCE: The Fixation of Belief 39 WILLIAM JAMES: Great Men, Great Thoughts, and the Environment 49 JOHN DEWEY: The Influence of Darwinism on Philosophy 55 Part II. Ethics after Darwin 63 CHARLES DARWIN: The Descent of Man 77 HERBERT SPENCER: The Data of Ethics 103 WILLIAM GRAHAM SUMNER: The Challenge of Facts 113 ANDREW CARNEGIE: The Gospel of Wealth 122 KARL PEARSON: Socialism 128 PRINCE PETR KROPOTKIN: Mutual Aid 130 ALFRED RUSSEL WALLACE: Human Progress: Past and Future 133 FRIEDRICH VON BERNHARDI: The Right to Make War 134 JACK LONDON: The Call of the Wild 137 G. E. MOORE: Principia Ethica: Naturalistic Ethics 141 THOMAS HENRY HUXLEY: Evolution and Ethics 152 Part III. The Evolution of Ideas 155 KARL POPPER: Darwinism as a Metaphysical Research Programme 167 THOMAS KUHN: The Structure of Scientific Revolutions 176 STEPHEN TOULMIN: The Evolutionary Development of Natural Science 177 DANIEL C. DENNETT: Memes and the Exploitation of Imagination 189 BRUCE EDMONDS: Three Challenges for the Survival of Memetics 198 DAVID HULL: Altruism in Science: A Sociobiological Model of Cooperative Behavior among Scientists 202 HILARY PUTNAM: Why Reason Cant Be Naturalized: Evolutionary Epistemology 217 Part IV. The Evolution of Rationality 221 KONRAD LORENZ: Kants Doctrine of the A Priori in the Light of Contemporary Biology 231 MICHAEL RUSE: The View from Somewhere: A Critical Defense of Evolutionary Epistemology 247 STEVEN PINKER: How the Mind Works 275 RONALD DE SOUSA: Evolution, Th inking, and Rationality 289 ALVIN PLANTINGA: The Evolutionary Argument against Naturalism: An Initial Statement of the Argument 301 EVAN FALES: Darwin's Doubt, Calvin's Calvary 309 Part V. Ethics and Progress 323 EDWARD O. WILSON On Human Nature 333 PETER SINGER A Darwinian Left : Politics, Evolution, and Cooperation 343 LARRY ARNHART Darwinian Conservatism 349 MICHAEL RUSE AND EDWARD O. WILSON: Moral Philosophy as Applied Science 365 PHILIP KITCHER: Four Ways of "Biologicizing" Ethics 379 ROBERT J. RICHARDS: A Defense of Evolutionary Ethics 388 Part VI. The Evolution of Altruism 411 MARC HAUSER: The Liver and the Moral Organ 423 ELLIOTT SOBER AND DAVID SLOAN WILSON: Unto Others 433 RICHARD JOYCE: Is Human Morality Innate? 452 ZACH ERNST: Game Theory in Evolutionary Biology 464 PETER SINGER: Ethics and Intuitions 476 MICHAEL RUSE: Evolution and Ethics: The Sociobiological Approach 489 CRAIG A. BOYD: Thomistic Natural Law and the Limits of Evolutionary Psychology 522 R. PAUL THOMPSON: An Evolutionary Account of Evil 533 GREGORY R. PETERSON: Falling Up: Evolution and Original Sin 539 Sources and Credits 549 Further Reading 553 Bibliography 561 Index 569

About the Author

Michael Ruse is the Lucyle T. Werkmeister Professor of Philosophy at Florida State University. His many books include "Darwinism and Its Discontents" and "Darwin and Design".

Reviews

"In recent years, philosophers have had plenty to say about the relevance of evolutionary thinking to questions about knowledge, rationality, and ethics. This judiciously chosen and wide-ranging set of readings, prefaced by expert introductions from editor Michael Ruse, helps us to understand the current state of play in these debates, and also their historical roots. It is an excellent collection."-Tim Lewens, University of Cambridge
"A very appealing volume. Philosophy after Darwin is a very useful addition to the Darwinian literature, one that seeks to increase public awareness and appreciation of the significant role that Darwin and his collaborators and successors have had in shaping both our cultural practices and our theoretical understanding of them."-Michael Bradie, Bowling Green State University
"An extremely useful contribution. A collection with the scope and depth of this one on the interrelationship of evolution, epistemology, and ethics has not appeared in a decade. Ruse provides a historical tour of the most influential ideas and arguments that have framed the current investigations. The newly commissioned works included here will push the debate forward."-R. Paul Thompson, University of Toronto
"Darwin's influence on philosophy is wide and deep, but not often recognized by professional philosophers, students of philosophy, or general readers. The topics dealt with in Philosophy after Darwin are likely to become even more relevant and important in the future. No other book provides so valuable an introduction, and no other scholar is better qualified to write on Darwin and philosophy than Ruse."-Richard A. Richards, University of Alabama

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