a: The Editors b: Contributors c: Preface d: Preface to the second edition PART I: TAXONOMY AND PRINCIPAL GENERA 1: Structure and Classification: Wilfrida Decraemer and David J. Hunt 1.1: Introduction 1.2: General Morphology 1.3: Life Cycle Stages 1.4: Feeding Groups 1.5: Classification of Plant-parasitic nematodes 1.6: Common Morphometric Abbreviations 2: Molecular Systematics: Sergei A. Subbotin, Lieven Waeyenberge and Maurice Moens 2.1: Phylogenetics and Phylogenomics 2.2: Species Concepts and Delimiting Species in Nematology 2.3: Phylogenetics and Classification 2.4: Molecular Techniques 2.5: Genes used for Molecular Systematics 2.6: Microsatellites 2.7: DNA Bar-coding 2.8: Phylogenetic Inference 2.9: Reconstruction of Historical Association 2.10: Databases 2.11: Examples of Molecular Phylogenies 3: Root-knot Nematodes: Gerrit Karssen,Wim Wesemael and Maurice Moens 3.1: Introduction to Root-knot Nematodes 3.2: Life Cycle and Behaviour 3.3: Host Response to Parasitism 3.4: Post-infection Biology 3.5: Plant Growth and Yield 3.6: Survival 3.7: Cytogenetics 3.8: General Morphology 3.9: Principal Species 3.10: Biochemical and Molecular Identification 3.11: Interactions with other Plant Pathogens 3.12: Management and control 4: Cyst Nematodes: Susan J. Turner and Sergei A. Subbotin 4.1: Introduction to Cyst Nematodes 4.2: Life Cycle and Behaviour 4.3: General Morphology of the Subfamily Heteroderinae 4.4: Genera and Principal Species 4.5: Pathotypes and Races 4.6: Biochemical and Molecular Diagnostics 4.7: Interactions with Other Plant Pathogens 4.8: Management 5: Migratory Endoparasitic Nematodes: Larry A. Duncan and Maurice Moens 5.1: Introduction to Migratory Endoparasitic Nematodes 5.2: The Pratylenchids: Lesion, Burrowing and Rice Root Nematodes 5.3: Anguinids and the Stem and Bulb Nematode, Ditylenchus dipsaci 5.4: Plant-parasitic Aphelenchs 6: Ectoparasitic Nematodes: Wilfrida Decraemer and Etienne Geraert 6.1: Introduction to Endoparasitic Nematodes 6.2: Definition of Ectoparasites/Ectoparasitism 6.3: Classification 6.4: Tylenchina (Chromadorea, Chromadoria) 6.5: Enoplea 6.6: Biochemical and Molecular Diagnostics 6.7: Ectoparasitic Nematodes as Vectors of Plant-viruses 6.8: Management PART II: NEMATODE BIOLOGY AND PLANT RESPONSES 7: Reproduction, Physiology and Biochemistry: Roland N. Perry, Denis J. Wright and David J. Chitwood 7.1: Reproduction and Development 7.2: Musculature and Neurobiology 7.3: Biosynthesis 7.4: Respiration and Intermediary Metabolism 7.5: Osmotic and Ionic Regulation and Excretion 7.6: Survival Strategies 8: Behaviour and Sensory Perception: Roland N. Perry and Rosane H.C. Curtis 8.1: Sense Organs or Sensilla 8.2: Undulatory Propulsion 8.3: Random Movement 8.4: Movement in Response to Stimuli in Soil 8.5: Nematode Feeding and Movement within Plant Tissue 8.6: Other Types of Movement and Behaviour 9: Molecular Aspects of Plant-Nematode Interactions: Godelieve Gheysen and John T. Jones 9.1: Nematode Parasitism of Plants 9.2: Invasion and Migration 9.3: Wound and Defence Responses of the Plant 9.4: Suppression of Host Defences and Protection from Host Responses 9.5: Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Nematode Feeding Cells 9.6: Nematode Signals for Feeding Site Induction and Other Processes 9.7: Comparison Between Cyst and Root-knot Nematodes 9.8: Resistance and Avirulence Genes PART III: QUANTITATIVE NEMATOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT 10: Plant Growth and Population Dynamics: Corrie H. Schomaker and Thomas H. Been 10.1: Introduction 10.2: Relationships of Nematodes with Plants 10.3: Predictors of Yield Reduction 10.4: Different Response Variables of Nematodes 10.5: Stem Nematodes (Ditylenchus dipsaci) 10.6: Root-invading Nematodes 10.7: Effect of Nematicides 10.8: Validation of the Model 10.9: Population Dynamics 11: Distribution Patterns and Sampling: Thomas H. Been and Corrie H. Schomaker 11.1: Introduction 11.2: Practical Application 11.3: Horizontal Distribution 11.4: Vertical Distribution 12: International Plant Health - Putting Legislation into Practice: Sue Hockland, Renato N. Inserra and Lisa M. Kohl 12.1: Introduction and Terminology 12.2: Historical Considerations 12.3: International Phytosanitary Frameworks 12.4: Early Legislation Enacted against Plant-parasitic Nematodes 12.5: International Phytosanitary Initiatives against Plant-parasitic Nematodes 12.6: Phytosanitary Problems Posed by Plant-parasitic Nematodes 12.7: Determining the Risk Posed by Plant-parasitic Nematodes using Pest Risk Analysis 12.8: Phytosanitary Measures for Plant-parasitic Nematodes 12.9; Phytosanitary Measures and their Associated Cost: Benefits 12.10: Future Challenges for the Control of Regulated Nematodes 12.11: Challenges Facing Scientific Advisers and Researchers 13: Biological and Cultural Management: Nicole Viaene, Danny L. Coyne and Keith G. Davies 13.1: Introduction 13.2: Suppressive Soils 13.3: Biological Control Agents 13.4: Interaction with Rhizosphere Microflora 13.5: Applying Biological Control Agents 13.6: Integration of Biological Control with Other Control Measures 13.7: Nematode-free Planting Material 13.8: Sanitation 13.9: Physical Soil Treatments 13.10: Biologically-based Practices 13.11: Amendments 13.12: Time of Planting 13.13: Other Control Practices 14: Nematode Resistance in Crops: James L. Starr, Alexander H. Mc Donald and Abiodun O. Claudius-Cole 14.1: Introduction 14.2: Concepts of Resistance 14.3: Inheritance and Mechanisms of Resistance 14.4: Virulence in Nematodes 14.5: Origins and Functions 14.6: Exploitation 14.7: Successes and Opportunities 15: Genetic Engineering for Resistance: Amanda Cottage and Peter Urwin 15. 1: Genetic Engineering for Resistance: General Introduction 15. 2: Genetic Engineering for Nematode Resistance: use of Natural Resistances 15.3: Targets in the Early Nematode-Plant Interaction for Engineered Resistance 15.4: Genetic Engineering to Target the Nematode Directly 15.5: Targeting the Nematode Feeding Site 15.6: Stacked Defences 15.7: The Research Approach to Engineering Nematode Resistance 15.8: The Future 16: Chemical Control of Nematodes: Patrick P.J. Haydock, Simon R. Woods, Ivan G. Grove and Martin C. Hare 16.1: History and Development of Nematicides 16.2: Active Substances: Chemical Groups and Modes of Action 16.3: Formulation and Application 16.4: Nematicides in the Environment 16.5: Human Safety 16.6: Naturally Occurring Nematicides e: References f: Glossary g: Index
Fully updated new edition with contributions from international experts and benefiting from enhanced pedagogical features
- Roland N. Perry is based at University of Hertfordshire, UK and is a Visiting Professor at Ghent University, Belgium. He graduated with a BSc (Hons) and PhD in Zoology from Newcastle University, UK. His research interests have centred primarily on plant-parasitic nematodes, especially focusing on nematode hatching, sensory perception, behaviour and survival physiology. He is co-editor of four books and author or co-author of over 40 book chapters and refereed reviews and over 110 refereed research papers. He is Editor-in-Chief of Nematology and Chief Editor of the Russian Journal of Nematology. He co-edits the book series Nematology Monographs and Perspectives. Professor Roland Perry is based at Rothamsted Research, UK. He graduated with a BSc (Hons) in Zoology from Newcastle University, UK, where he also obtained a PhD in Zoology on physiological aspects of desiccation survival of Ditylenchus spp. After a year's post doctoral research at Newcastle, he moved to Keele University, UK, where he taught Parasitology; after 3 years at Keele, he was appointed to Rothamsted Research. His research interests have centred primarily on plant-parasitic nematodes, especially focusing on nematode hatching, sensory perception, behaviour and survival physiology, and several of his past PhD and post-doctoral students are currently involved in nematology research. He co-edited The Physiology and Biochemistry of Free-living and Plant-parasitic Nematodes (1998), Root-knot Nematodes (2009), Molecular and Physiological Basis of Nematode Survival (2011) and the first edition of this text book, Plant Nematology (2006). He is author or co-author of over 40 book chapters and refereed reviews and over 100 refereed research papers. He is co-Editor-in-Chief of Nematology and Chief Editor of the Russian Journal of Nematology. He co-edits the book series Nematology Monographs and Perspectives. In 2001, he was elected Fellow of the Society of Nematologists (USA) in recognition of his research achievements; in 2008 he was elected Fellow of the European Society of Nematologists for outstanding contribution to the science of Nematology; and in 2011 he was elected Honorary Member of the Russian Society of Nematologists. He is a Visiting Professor at Ghent University, Belgium, where he lectures on nematode biology, focusing on physiology and behaviour. Professor Maurice Moens is Honorary Director of Research at the Institute for Agriculture and Fisheries Research (ILVO) at Merelbeke, Belgium and honorary professor at Ghent University, Belgium where he gave a lecture course on Agro-nematology at the Faculty of Bioscience Engineering. He is a past-director of the Post Graduate International Nematology Course (MSc Nematology) and coordinator of the Erasmus Mundus - European Master of Science in Nematology, where he gave five lecture courses on Plant Nematology. The MSc course is organised in the Faculty of Sciences of Ghent University. He graduated as an agricultural engineer from Ghent University and obtained a PhD at the same University on the spread of plant-parasitic nematodes and their management in hydroponic cropping systems. Within the framework of the Belgian Cooperation, he worked from 1972 to 1985 as a researcher in crop protection, including nematology, at two research stations in Tunisia. Upon his return to Belgium, he was appointed as senior nematologist at the Agricultural Research Centre (now ILVO). There, he expanded the research in plant nematology over various areas covering molecular characterization, biology of host-parasite relationships, biological control, resistance and other forms of non-chemical control. He was appointed head of the Crop Protection Department in 2000 and became Director of Research in 2006. He retired from both ILVO and Ghent University in 2012 but continues to supervise PhD students. In 2001, he was elected Fellow of the Society of Nematologists (USA) for outstanding contributions to Nematology; in the same year he was elected Fellow of the European Society of Nematologists for outstanding contribution to the science of Nematology; and in 2012 he was elected Honorary Fellow of the Chinese Society for Plant Nematology. He supervised 23 PhD students, who now are active in nematology all over the world. Currently, he is the president of the European Society of Nematologists. He co-edited Root-knot Nematodes (2009) and the first edition of this text book, Plant Nematology (2006). He is author or co-author of ten book chapters and refereed reviews and over 150 refereed research papers. He is a member of the editorial board of Nematology, Annals of Applied Biology and the Russian Journal of Nematology.