Section Iâ Design Loads Design Criteria Classification of Buildings Building Codes Standard Unit Loads Tributary Area Working Stress Design, Strength Design, and Unified Design of Structures Elastic and Plastic Designs Combinations of Loads Other Loads Continuous Load Path for Structural Integrity Problems Primary Loads: Dead Loads and Live Loads Dead Loads Live Loads Floor Live Loads Other Provisions for Floor Live Loads Roof Live Loads, Lr Problems Snow Loads Introduction Minimum Snow Load for Low-Slope Roofs Balanced Snow Load Rain-on-Snow Surcharge Partial Loading of the Balanced Snow Load Unbalanced across the Ridge Snow Load Snow Drift from a Higher to a Lower Roof Sliding Snow Load on Lower Roof Sliding Snow Load on Separated Structures Problems Wind Loads Introduction Definition of Terms Procedures for MWFRS Simplified Procedure for MWFRS for Low-Rise Buildings Procedures for Components and Cladding Simplified Procedure for Components and Cladding for Low-Rise Buildings Problems Earthquake Loads Seismic Forces Seismic Design Procedures Definitions Ground Motion Response Accelerations Importance Factor, I Seismic Design Categories Exemptions from Seismic Designs Equivalent Lateral Force Procedure to Determine Seismic Force Distribution of Seismic Forces Design Earthquake Load Soil-Structure Interaction Problems Section IIâ Wood Structures Wood Specifications Engineering Properties of Sawn Lumber Reference Design Values for Sawn Lumber Adjustments to the Reference Design Values for Sawn Lumber Load Resistance Factor Design with Wood Structural Glued Laminated Timber Reference Design Values for Glued Laminated Timber Adjustment Factors for Glued Laminated Timber Structural Composite Lumber Summary of Adjustment Factors Problems Flexure and Axially Loaded Wood Structures Introduction Design of Beams Bending Criteria of Design Beam Stability Factor, CL Shear Criteria Deflection Criteria Creep Deflection Bearing at Supports Design of Axial Tension Members Design of Columns Column Stability Factor, CP Design for Combined Bending and Compression Problems Wood Connections Types of Connections and Fasteners Dowel-Type Fasteners (Nails, Screws, Bolts, Pins) Yield Limit Theory for Laterally Loaded Fasteners Yield Mechanisms and Yield Limit Equations Reference Design Values for Lateral Loads (Shear Connections) Reference Design Values for Withdrawal Loads Adjustments of the Reference Design Values Nail and Screw Connections Bolt and Lag Screw Connections Problems Section IIIâ Steel Structures Tension Steel Members Properties of Steel Provisions to Design Steel Structures Unified Design Specifications Design of Tension Members Tensile Strength of Elements Block Shear Strength Design Procedure for Tension Members Problems Compression Steel Members Strength of Compression Members or Columns Local Buckling Criteria Flexural Buckling Criteria Effective Length Factor for Slenderness Ratio Limit States for Compression Design Nonslender Members Single-Angle Members Built-Up Members Slender Compression Members Use of the Compression Tables Problems Flexural Steel Members Basis of Design Nominal Strength of Steel in Flexure Lateral Unsupported Length Fully Plastic Zone with Adequate Lateral Support Inelastic Lateral Torsional Buckling Zone Modification Factor Cb Elastic Lateral Torsional Buckling Zone Noncompact and Slender Beam Sections for Flexure Compact Full Plastic Limit Noncompact Flange Local Buckling Slender Flange Local Buckling Summary of Beam Relations Design Aids Shear Strength of Steel Beam Deflection Limitations Problems Combined Forces on Steel Members Design Approach to Combined Forces Combination of Tensile and Flexure Forces Combination of Compression and Flexure Forces: The Beam-Column Members Braced Frame Design Magnification Factor for Sway, B2 K Values for Unbraced Frames Unbraced Frame Design Open-Web Steel Joists Joist Girders Problems Steel Connections Types of Connections and Joints Bolted Connections Specifications for Spacing of Bolts and Edge Distance Bearing-Type Connections Slip-Critical Connections Tensile Load on Bolts Combined Shear and Tensile Forces on Bolts Welded Connections Groove Welds Fillet Welds Strength of Weld Frame Connections Shear or Simple Connection for Frames Single-Plate Shear Connection for Frames Moment-Resisting Connection for Frames Problems Section IV Reinforced Concrete Structures Flexural Reinforced Concrete Members Properties of Reinforced Concrete Compression Strength of Concrete Design Strength of Concrete Strength of Reinforcing Steel Load Resistance Factor Design Basis of Concrete Reinforced Concrete Beams Derivation of the Beam Relations Strain Diagram and Modes of Failure Balanced and Recommended Steel Percentages Minimum Percentage of Steel Strength Reduction Factor for Concrete Specifications for Beams Analysis of Beams Design of Beams One-Way Slab Specifications for Slabs Analysis of One-Way Slab Design of One-Way Slab Problems Doubly and T Reinforced Concrete Beams Doubly Reinforced Concrete Beams Analysis of Doubly Reinforced Beams Design of Doubly Reinforced Beams Monolithic Slab and Beam (T Beams) Analysis of T Beams Design of T Beams Problems Shear and Torsion in Reinforced Concrete Stress Distribution in Beam Diagonal Cracking of Concrete Strength of Web (Shear) Reinforced Beam Shear Contribution of Concrete Shear Contribution of Web Reinforcement Specifications for Web (Shear) Reinforcement Analysis for Shear Capacity Design for Shear Capacity Torsion in Concrete Provision for Torsional Reinforcement Problems Compression and Combined Forces Reinforced Concrete Members Types of Columns Strength of Spirals Specifications for Columns Analysis of Axially Loaded Columns Design of Axially Loaded Columns Short Columns with Combined Loads Effects of Moment on Short Columns Characteristics of the Interaction Diagram Application of the Interaction Diagram Analysis of Short Columns for Combined Loading Design of Short Columns for Combined Loading Long or Slender Columns Problems Bibliography Appendices Index
Ram S. Gupta earned a master's in engineering from the Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee, India, and a PhD from Polytechnic University, New York. He is a registered professional engineer in Rhode Island and Massachusetts, and is currently working as a professor of engineering at Roger Williams University (RWU), Bristol, Rhode Island. Dr. Gupta is president of Delta Engineers Inc., a Rhode Island-based consulting company. Besides contributing to a very large number of research papers, Dr. Gupta has authored three books including Principles of Structural Design: Wood, Steel, and Concrete (Taylor & Francis Group, Boca Raton, FL, 2010).
"From design loads determination and building codes, to various design philosophies, to load distribution and load paths, the student is given a road-map for designing a structure that answers their common question of `where do I begin?'... It is concise and focuses on applications rather than extensive theoretical background and current research..."--Caesar Abi Shdid, Ph.D., P.E., Lebanese American University, Beirut, Lebanon "...a valuable source that provides efficient and authoritative guidance for students learning the fundamentals of codes and standards in structural material design."--Dr. Peggi L. Clouston, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, USA "... a comprehensive book covering design criteria, computation of loads, and design of structural members and connections using steel, concrete, and wood. When tied with structural analysis and modeling tools, the book provides the reader with a path for understanding and designing structural systems."--Prof. S. D. Rajan, Arizona State University, Phoenix, USA