Prize Medal Essay Contest by the High School Scholars and Schools of Equal Grade of the State of Missouri
Excerpt from Prize Medal Essay Contest by the High School Scholars and Schools of Equal Grade of the State of Missouri It was with heavy hearts that these people left their homes to fight against people with whom they sympathized. Frederic was so indignant that he wrote to Voltaire that the whole procedure was outrageous, and ordered that a tax be levied upon all that came through Prussia, as upon cattle exported for foreign shambles. Afterwards he refused to allow the troops to pass through. Such writers as Kant, Lessing, Herder, Goethe, Schiller and Niebuhr, the last representative of German intelligence, agreed with Frederic and joined together to welcome the United States to their place among the nations. There were a large number of foreigners in the American army. Out of the twenty-nine major-generals, eleven were Europeans; among the brigadier-generals, sixteen. It is not by numbers but by attainments that we are to estimate the services of these officers. Many of them had served through the Seven Years' War, which was the greatest school of military science of the time. Almost all of them were familiar with the rudiments of their profession. A few soldiers, such as formed the bulk of the European armies, might have little influence in forming a regiment of American farmers, but a single experienced officer could do much towards the correcting of the deficiencies of his colleagues. One of the greatest needs of the Americans was engineers. No native genius or rapid training could supply these, hence European officers were employed. Among these were Duportail, Launoy, Radiere and Gouvion, who brought what was most needed, science combined with practical skill. Others who served in this capacity were DeKalb, Armond de la Rouerie, Pidaski and last and probably the greatest, Kosciuszko. However, the greatest of all foreigners who gave their services to America were Lafayette and Steuben. The latter, the son of a soldier and raised in the camps, had been one of Frederic's favorite officers. From him Steuben learned the principles of warfare, which had given Frederic his great success. When St. Germain interested him in the cause of the Americans, although the Commissioners could not advance the passage money, he came to America. Steuben found the Americans in winter-quarters at Valley Forge. Although he had spent his life among military hardships, he had never seen such suffering, but still he held his purpose. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.