List of Figures and TablesPrefaceAbbreviationsIntroduction3Ch. 1What Kind of Thing Do Scholars Mean by "Gnosticism"?: A Look at Four Cases7Ch. 2"Gnosticism" as a Category29Ch. 3Protest Exegesis? or Hermeneutical Problem-Solving?54Ch. 4Parasites? or Innovators?80Ch. 5Anticosmic World-Rejection? or Sociocultural Accommodation?96Ch. 6Hatred of the Body? or the Perfection of the Human?116Ch. 7Asceticism...?139Ch. 8...or Libertinism?163Ch. 9Deterministic Elitism? or Inclusive Theories of Conversion?189Ch. 10Where They Came From...213Ch. 11...and What They Left Behind235Conclusion263Notes267Modern Works Cited311Index329
Michael Williams presents the first treatment of gnosticism in book form that endeavors, and succeeds, to get out of beaten tracks by questioning the very definition and description of this phenomenon. He conducts a detailed analysis of the cliches that have been in circulation for decades and shows convincingly how they have contributed to a distorted and biased approach to the sources. This book will be epoch-making for the field of gnostic studies and should attract a very large reading audience. -- Paul-Hubert Poirier, Universite Laval
Michael Allen Williams is Professor of Comparative Religion at the University of Washington, and is currently chair of the Department of Near East Languages and Civilization. He is also the author of The Immovable Race: A Gnostic Designation and the Theme of Stability in Late Antiquity and co-editor, with Collett Cox and Martin Jaffee, of Innovation in Religious Traditions: Essays in the Interpretation of Religious Change.
"Rare is the book on gnosticism that is thoroughly grounded in the primary sources in the ancient languages, widely conversant with the secondary literature, controlled and sophisticated in its historical method--and still intelligible and interesting, not only for experts in its field, but also for religious historians and educated readers in general. Michael Williams's Rethinking 'Gnosticism' is such a book. It is essential reading for scholars of ancient Christianity and for anyone who wishes to use the terms 'gnostic' and 'gnosticism,' but it can be read with profit by all historians concerned with issues of methodology in studying religious people of the past."--Church History "There can hardly be a category more misused in contemporary scholarly and not-so-scholarly discourse than 'gnosticism,' so it was probably inevitable that a serious scholar would come along with an argument for the abandonment of the category altogether. In this provocative book Williams does just that."--Religious Studies Review