TABLE OF CONTENTS Foreword by Scott Turow Acknowledgments List of Contributors Introduction: Genetics for Justice PART I: DNA Technology and Individual Identification 1. In the Beginning: Forensic Applications of DNA Technologies Henry Erlich 2. Exonerating the Wrongfully Convicted Justin Brooks and Desiree Moshayedi 3. Analysis of Forensic Mixtures Michael Coble, Bruce Budowle, and Henry Erlich 4. Forensic DNA Data Banks and Data Mining: The Balance Between Privacy Interests and Public Safety Frederick R. Bieber 5. Recent Developments in Forensic DNA Technology Henry Erlich, Cassandra Calloway, and Steven Lee 6. Microbial Forensics: Concepts and Application from Epidemiology to Crime Investigations Antti Sajantila and Bruce Budowle PART II: Human Rights and Humanitarian Disasters 7. The Living Disappeared: Forensic DNA Typing and the Search for Argentina's Stolen Children Mariana Herrera Pinero, Eric Stover, Melina Tupa, and Victor B. Penchaszadeh 8. Disappeared, Not Lost: Finding El Salvador's Missing Children Andrea Lampros, Montserrat Martinez Gomez, Cristian Orrego Benavente, and Patricia Vasquez Marias 9. Large Scale Identification of the Missing: Experiences and Perspectives of the International Commission on Missing Persons Andreas Kleiser and Thomas J. Parsons 10. Tracing Windblown Seeds: Genetic Information as a Biometric for Tracking Migrants in the United States Sara H. Katsanis 11. Preventing a Third Death: Identification of Missing Migrants at the US-Mexico Border Sara H. Katsanis and Katherine M. Spradley 12. Taking Stock: DNA Testing and Its Complex Truths Dawnie Steadman and Sarah Wagner PART III: Challenges and Debates 13. Admissibility of DNA Evidence in Court Andrea Roth 14. Immediacy and Authority: Identification Efforts in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the World Trade Center Compared Amy Mundorff and Sarah Wagner 15. Forensic Genetics, Ethics, Privacy, and Public Policy Thomas J. White and Steven B. Lee Conclusion: The Future of Forensic DNA Analysis Index
Henry Erlich is Senior Scientist at the Benioff Children's Hospital Oakland Research Institute. He was previously Vice President of Discovery Research at Roche Molecular Systems and Director of Human Genetics at Cetus Corporation. He is a pioneer in the development and application of PCR in forensic DNA analysis and performed the first DNA-based forensic analysis in the United State in 1986 and the first DNA-based exoneration in 1988. Erlich also pioneered the development of DNA-based HLA typing and its application to the study of the genetics of autoimmune diseases. He is the author of over 450 scientific articles and has been the recipient of numerous awards, including the "DNA Profiles in Courage Award" from the National Institute of Justice in 2001. Eric Stover is Faculty Director and Adjunct Professor of Law and Public Health at the Human Rights Center, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley. Since the 1980s, he has led forensic missions to investigate the fate of the disappeared in Argentina, Guatemala, Brazil, El Salvador, Mexico, Iraq, the former Yugoslavia, and Rwanda. In 1984, Stover testified about the forensic search for the disappeared in the trial of Argentina's former ruling junta. He is the author and co-editor of several books on the forensic sciences and human rights and has co-produced several documentaries, including the 2017 PBS three-part series "Dead Reckoning: War, Crime, and Justice from World War II to the War on Terror." Thomas J. White is an advisor to the Human Rights Center, School of Law, University of California, Berkeley, and former 2012-2013 Regents Lecturer at the University of California, Berkeley. He previously held the positions of Vice President of Research at Cetus Corporation, Senior Vice President of Research & Development at Roche Molecular Systems, and Chief Scientific Officer at Celera Corporation. He is co-editor of four books on DNA analysis, two published by Academic Press and two by the American Association for Microbiology Press, and is co-author on 100 articles in peer-reviewed scientific and medical journals.
"There are many books on the science of forensic DNA profiling. There are many books on the legal issues its raises. There are none as comprehensive and effective as Silent Witness in bringing together the thoughts of leading scientists, lawyers, and other researchers on the history of this revolutionary forensic science, the most recent advances and applications, and the ethical and policy issues it poses across the globe." -- David Kaye, Distinguished Professor Emeritus, The Pennsylvania State University, and Regents' Professor Emeritus, Arizona State University "This book traces the history of the fascinating forensic DNA technology and provides a comprehensive discussion of the many issues raised by it DL the science, ethics, privacy, and many more. It is an essential book for students and scholars and indeed for the interested layperson." -- Richard J. Goldstone, former Chief Prosecutor of the ICTY and ICTR and retired Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa "This book is a great additional to the tool kit all of us have who seek truth and justice, whichever side of the courtroom we call home." -- Brenda Hollis, Consultant, International Criminal Law and Procedure, former Chief Prosecutor SCSL/RSCS "This remarkable text brings together experts DL from academia and the field DL to share their knowledge of the science, law, and ethics around the use of emergent DNA technologies to bring justice, social repair, and closure in the wake of genocide, conflict and other humanitarian crises, including on the U.S. border. This book is essential reading for anyone interested in exploring the intersection of science and criminal justice, transitional justice, and peace-building." -- Beth Van Schaack, Leah Kaplan Visiting Professor of Human Rights, Stanford Law School and Faculty Affiliate, Stanford Center for Human Rights & International Justice