Preface Acknowledgments Introduction About the Examination 10 Things That You Should Know About the ASWB Examinations Test-Taking Strategies 10 Essential Strategies for Study Success 20 Tips You Need to Use to Answer Questions Correctly Assessing Examination Difficulties Dealing With Test Anxiety Examination Content Visual Learners Auditory Learners Kinesthetic or Hands-On Learners Self-Assessment Unit I: Human Development, Diversity, and Behavior in the Environment (31%) 1. Human Development in the Life Cycle The Theories of Human Growth and Development Personality Theories Psychoanalytic Theory Psychosexual Stages of Development Individual Psychology Self Psychology Ego Psychology Psychosexual Stages of Development Object Relations Theory The Process of Social Development The Indicators of Normal Physical Growth and Development The Impact of Physical, Mental, and Cognitive Disabilities on Human Development Adult Development The Interplay of Biological, Psychological, and Social Factors Emotional, Cognitive, and Spiritual Development Emotional Development Cognitive Development Spiritual Development Normal Sexual Development Gerontology The Concept of Attachment and Bonding Child Development Basic Human Needs Adolescent Development Self-Image Throughout the Life Cycle Human Genetics Dynamics of Loss, Separation, and Grief The Impact of Aging Parents on Adult Children The Biopsychological Responses to Illness and Disability Family Life Cycle Parenting Skills and Capabilities Authoritarian Parenting Authoritative Parenting Permissive Parenting Uninvolved Parenting Impact of Trauma 2. Human Behavior in the Environment Person-in-Environment (PIE) Theory Theories of Human Behavior Systems Conflict Rational Choice Social Constructionist Psychodynamic Developmental Social Behavioral Humanistic Perspective Psychological Defense Mechanisms Normal and Abnormal Behavior The Effects of Social Context on Behavior The Effects of Family Dynamics on Individuals Dysfunctional Family Dynamics The Impact of Physical Illness on Family Dynamics The Dynamics of Sexual Abuse The Dynamics of Psychological Abuse and Neglect The Dynamics of Physical Abuse and Neglect The Impact of Mental Illness on Family Dynamics The Characteristics of Perpetrators of Abuse The Effects of Abuse and Neglect on Victims The Effects of Life Events and Crises on the Family The Effects of Life Events and Crises on Individuals The Effects of Trauma on Behavior The Effects of Trauma on Self-Image 3. Effects of Diversity Differences in Culture, Race, and/or Ethnicity The Influences of Culture, Race, and Ethnicity White American American Indian/Alaska Native Asian African American Native Hawaiian and Other Pacific Islander Hispanic/Latino The Impact of Culture, Race, and/or Ethnicity on Self-Image The Effects of Discrimination Based on Culture, Race, and/or Ethnicity Differences in Sexual Orientation and/or Gender The Influences of Sexual Orientation and/or Gender The Impact of Sexual Orientation and/or Gender on Self-Image The Effects of Discrimination Based on Sexual Orientation and/or Gender Differences in Age and/or Disability Factors and Characteristics The Influences of Age and/or Disability The Impact of Age and/or Disability on Self-Image The Effects of Discrimination Based on Age and/or Disability The Impact of Diversity in Styles of Communicating The Effects of Spirituality 4. Addictions Substance Abuse and/or Dependence The Effects of Substance Abuse and/or Dependence on Relationships The Effects of Substance Abuse and/or Dependence Addiction Theories The Effects of Drugs and Alcohol on Behavior Signs of Drug Use Other Addictions The Effects of Other Addictions on Behavior and Relationships Unit II: Assessment, Diagnosis, and Treatment Planning (26%) 5. Information Gathering The Principles and Techniques of Interviewing The Components of a Biopsychosocial History The Use of Collaterals to Obtain Relevant Information The Use of Standardized Instruments in Practice Beck Depression Inventory The Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Rorschach Inkblot Test Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale Thematic Apperception Test Wechsler Intelligence Scale 6. Assessment and Diagnosis The Factors and Processes Used in Problem Formulation The Methods Used to Assess the Client's Communication Skills The Use of Observation The Methods of Involving a Client in Identifying the Presenting Problem The Methods to Assess a Client's Strengths and Weaknesses The Indicators of Motivation and Resistance The Factors Used in Determining the Client's Ability to Use Intervention/Treatment Psychopathology The Indicators of Biopsychosocial Stress The Components and Function of the Mental Status Exam Medications Antipsychotics Antimanic Agents (Mood Stabilizers) Antidepressants Antianxiety Drugs Stimulants The Process of Social Work Assessment/Diagnosis The Methods Used in Assessing Clients' Ego Strengths The Current Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of the American Psychiatric Association Basic Medical Terminology The Biopsychosocial Factors Related to Mental Health Co-Occurring Disorders and Conditions The Indicators of Sexual Abuse The Indicators of Physical Abuse and Neglect The Indicators of Psychological Abuse and Neglect Risk Factors for Dangerousness to Self and Others Risk Factors Related to Suicide Methods Used to Assess Needed Level of Care (e.g., Geriatrics, Other Special Needs, Foster or Group Care) The Methods Used to Assess Trauma 7. Treatment Planning The Criteria Used in Selecting Intervention/Treatment Modalities The Components of Intervention, Treatment, or Service Plans The Methods Used to Match Interventions to Client Problems The Methods Used to Develop an Intervention/Treatment Plan Discharge, Aftercare, and Follow-Up Planning The Use of Measurable Objectives in Intervention, Treatment, or Service Plans The Difference Between Subjective and Objective Data The Application of Research to Practice The Methods Used to Formulate a Time Frame for Interventions Unit III: Psychotherapy, Clinical Interventions, and Case Management (25%) 8. Therapeutic Relationship The Concept of Feedback The Concept of Congruence in Communication The Methods Used in Summarizing Communication The Methods Used to Facilitate Communication Verbal and Nonverbal Communication Techniques The Methods for Feedback One-on-One Feedback Intragroup Feedback Group-to-Group Feedback Consultative Feedback 360-Degree Feedback The Concept of Empathy How the Client's Behavior With a Social Worker is Representative of His or Her Relationship Patterns The Concept of Acceptance The Principles of Relationship Building Professional Objectivity in the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Social Worker-Client Relationship Methods to Clarify the Role of the Social Worker Techniques to Clarify Client Responsibilities Concepts of Transference and Countertransference The Social Worker-Client Relationship in Facilitating Treatment 9. The Intervention Process Biopsychosocial Models The Problem-Solving Model Crisis Intervention/Treatment Approaches Cognitive Approaches Psychodynamic Approaches Task-Centered Practice Behavioral Approaches The Types of Social Work Interventions/Treatments Micro Meso Macro Psychotherapies Solution-Focused and Brief Interventions Recognition of Functional Roles in Family Dynamics Approaches Used in Working With Traumatized Clients Phase 1: Safety and Stabilization Phase 2: Mourning and Remembrance Phase 3: Reconnection and Reintegration Methods of Conflict Resolution Empowerment Strategies in Interventions Prevention Strategies Primary Prevention Secondary Prevention Tertiary Prevention The Use of Objectives to Guide the Intervention Process The Techniques Used to Evaluate a Client's Progress The Phases of Intervention/Treatment The Indicators of Client Readiness for Termination Partializing Techniques Supportive Techniques Motivational Approaches Contracting With Clients Approaches for Engaging Involuntary/Mandated Clients The Use of Goal-Setting Change Strategies Various Intervention/Treatment Strategies The Techniques to Teach Coping and Other Skills to Clients The Use of Out-of-Home Placement as an Intervention/Treatment Method Client Self-Monitoring Techniques Techniques for Stress Management Techniques for Anger Management Relaxation Exercises Cognitive Techniques Communication Skills Environmental Change Techniques for Harm Reduction Permanency Planning Models of Family Life Education in Social Work Practice Models of Family-Centered Social Work Practice The Approaches to Family Therapy Couples Intervention and Treatment Approaches The Approaches to Social Group Work The Approaches to Group Psychotherapy Differential Use of Group Process The Techniques for Managing Group Process and Maintaining Group Functioning Key Concepts Differential Use of Therapeutic Techniques Integrative Case Management The Indicators of Client Readiness to Change 10. Management of Cases Case Recording for Practice Evaluation or Supervision Methods for Performance Appraisal and Evaluation The Effects Policies, Procedures, Regulations, and Laws Have on Practice Client Education About Service/Benefits Policies The Effects of Agency Functioning on Service Delivery The Concept of Client Advocacy The Impact of Social Welfare Legislation Documentation and the Management of Practice Records Written Communication Skills for a Variety of Professional Responsibilities 11. Consultation and Interdisciplinary Collaboration Models of Peer Supervision Psychodynamic Model Developmental Model Role-Centered Model The Expertise of Other Professions Consultation Approaches Interdisciplinary Collaboration Multidisciplinary Team Approaches Elements of a Case Presentation Elements of Client Reports Client Referral for Services Coordination of Client Services Methods of Networking Unit IV: Professional Ethics and Values (18%) 12. Ethical Issues The Principles and Processes of Informed Consent Professional Boundaries Issues Dual Relationships Identification and Resolution of Ethical Dilemmas Essential Steps in Ethical Problem Solving Ethical and Legal Issues 13. Confidentiality and Its Limits Legal and Ethical Issues Regarding Confidentiality, Including Electronic Communication Ethical and Legal Issues Regarding Mandatory Reporting 14. Value Issues The Influence of the Social Worker's Own Values and Beliefs on the Social Worker-Client Relationship The Effects of Culture, Race, and Ethnicity on Values Professional Values and Ethics Client Self-Determination Stages of Professional Development The Influence of the Social Worker's Own Values and Beliefs on Interdisciplinary Collaboration Respect for Client Values and Beliefs Practice Test 170-Question Practice Test Answers Index
Dawn Apgar, PhD, LSW, ACSW, has helped thousands of social workers across the country pass the examinations associated with all levels of licensure. In recent years, she has consulted in numerous states to assist with establishing licensure test preparation programs, including training the instructors. Dr. Apgar has done research on licensure funded by the American Foundation for Research and Consumer Education in Social Work Regulation and is currently on her state's social work licensing board. She is a past president of the New Jersey Chapter of NASW and has been on its National Board of Directors. In 2014, the Chapter presented her with a Lifetime Achievement Award. Dr. Apgar has taught in both undergraduate and graduate social work programs and has extensive direct practice, policy, and management experience in the field.