Phase One: Formative Research
Step 1: Analyzing the Situation
Step 2: Analyzing the Organization
Step 3: Analyzing the Publics Phase Two: Strategy Step 4: Establishing Goals and Objectives Step 5: Formulating Action and Response Strategies Step 6: Developing the Message Strategy Phase Three: Tactics Step 7: Selecting Communication Tactics Step 8: Implementing the Strategic Plan Phase Four: Evaluative Research Step 9: Evaluating the Strategic Plan Appendices: A: Applied Research B: Focus Groups C: Survey Research D: Content Analysis E: Media Engagement F: Crisis Communication Glossary Citations and Recommended Readings Index
Ronald D. Smith is Professor Emeritus of Public Communication and former Chair of the Communication Department at Buffalo State (SUNY). He is an accredited member of the Public Relations Society of America.