Part I: Introduction 1. The European Union and the Rule of Law-State of Affairs and Ways of Strengthening Werner Schroeder Part II: Core Elements of the Rule of Law 2. Principle of Legality and the Hierarchy of Norms Franz Merli 3. Access to Justice and Judicial Independence: Is There a Role for the EU? Attila Bado and Janos Boka 4. Transparency as Part of a European Rule of Law Inger OEsterdahl 5. Legal Certainty Anna Gamper 6. The Principle of Proportionality Peter M Huber Part III: Council of Europe and European Union-Different Concepts of the Rule of Law? 7. The Council of Europe and the Rule of Law Joerg Polakiewicz and Jenny Sandvig 8. The Rule of Law in the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights Elisabeth Steiner 9. The Rule of Law in the Recent Jurisprudence of the ECJ Thomas von Danwitz Part IV: Mechanisms of Implementing the Rule of Law in Europe 10. Reinforcement of the Rule of Law Oversight in the European Union: Key Options Carlos Closa and Dimitry Kochenov 11. The EU Rule of Law Framework Emmanuel Crabit and Nicolaas Bel 12. Global Activities and Current Initiatives in the Union to Strengthen the Rule of Law-A State of Play Andreas J Kumin 13. Managing the Rule of Law in a Heterogeneous Context: A Fundamental Rights Perspective on Ways Forward Gabriel N Toggenburg and Jonas Grimheden Part V: Institutional Implications of Implementing the Rule of Law in Europe 14. The EU and Rule of Law-The Unavoidable Question of: Who Controls it? Gregor Schusterschitz 15. The Rule of Law in European Policy: A Parliamentarian's View Eva Lichtenberger 16. The Rule of Law and the Constitutionalisation of the European Union Monica Claes and Matteo Bonelli
Werner Schroeder is Full Professor of Law at the University of Innsbruck.