Part I. Prolegomena: 1. On the state of the Homeric question; 2. The place of Homer in classical education; 3. On the historic aims of Homer; 4. On the probable date of Homer; 5. The probable trustworthiness of the text of Homer; 6. Place and authority of Homer in historical inquiry; Part II. Achaeis. Ethnology of the Greek Races: 1. Scope of the inquiry; 2. On the Pelasgians, and cognate races; 3. The Pelasgians, and certain states naturalized of akin to Greece; 4. On the Phoenicians and the outer geography of the Odyssey; 5. On the Catalogue; 6. On the Hellenes of Homer; 7. On the respective contributions of the Pelasgian and Hellenic factors to the compound of the Greek nation; 8. On the three greater Homeric appellatives; 9. On the Homeric title of ; 10. On the connection of the Hellenes and Achaeans with the east; Addenda.
Analysing in detail ancient Greek culture and society, Gladstone achieves his aim 'to promote and extend' the study of Homer.