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Home » Books » Science » Biology » General

Transgenesis and the Management of Vector-borne Disease

Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology

By Serap Aksoy (Edited by)

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Format: Hardcover, 171 pages
Other Information: 25 black & white illustrations, 1 black & white tables
Published In: United States, 19 March 2008
Parasitic, bacterial and viral agents continue to challenge the welfare of humans, livestock, wild life and plants worldwide. The public health impact and financial consequences of these diseases are particularly hard on the already overburdened economies of developing countries especially in the tropics. Many of these disease agents utilize insect hosts (vectors) to achieve their transmission to mammals. In the past, these diseases were largely controlled by insecticide-based vector reduction strategies. Now, many of these diseases have reemerged in the tropics, recolonizing their previous range, and expanding into new territories previously not considered to be endemic. Habitat change, irrigation practices, atmospheric and climate change, insecticide and drug resistance as well as increases in global tourism, human traffic and commercial activities, have driven the reemergence and spread of vector borne diseases. While these diseases can be controlled through interventions aimed at both their vertebrate and invertebrate hosts, no effective vaccines exist, and only limited therapeutic prospects are available for their control in mammalian hosts. Molecular technologies such as transgenesis, which is the subject of this book, stand to increase the toolbox and benefit disease management strategies.

Table of Contents

1. PERSPECTIVES ON THE STATE OF INSECT TRANSGENICS ............ 1 David A. O'Brochta and Alfred M. Handler Introduction ......................................................................................................................... 1 Transposon Vectors and Insect Transformation ............................................................... 2 Transformation Markers .................................................................................................... 4 Targeting and Stabilization ................................................................................................. 5 Random Transgene Insertion ............................................................................................. 5 Transgenic Strains for Biocontrol ...................................................................................... 8 Fluorescent Protein Genetic Markers ................................................................................ 8 Conditional Regulation for Sterility and Lethality .......................................................... 9 Paratransgenesis ................................................................................................................ 10 Viruses ............................................................................................................................... 10 Perspectives on TE Spread and Genetic Manipulation for Disease Vector Control ... 11 Broadening Our Perspective ............................................................................................. 12 2. ALPHAVIRUS TRANSDUCING SYSTEMS .............................................. 19 Brian D. Foy and Ken E. Olson Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 19 Alphaviruses....................................................................................................................... 20 ATS Construction .............................................................................................................. 22 Currently Used ATSs ......................................................................................................... 22 Alphavirus/Mosquito Interactions ................................................................................... 24 Gene Expression with ATSs .............................................................................................. 27 ATS s for Induction of RNA Interference ....................................................................... 27 Biosafety Considerations for Using ATS's ....................................................................... 29 Conclusion .......................................................................................................................... 30 3. PARATRANSGENESIS APPLIED FOR CONTROL OF TSETSE TRANSMITTED SLEEPING SICKNESS.................. 35 Serap Aksoy, Brian Weiss and Geoffrey Attardo Introduction ....................................................................................................................... 35 Symbiosis in Tsetse ............................................................................................................ 36 Symbiont-Host Interactions During Development ......................................................... 37 Tsetse's Reproductive Biology and Symbiont Transmission .......................................... 38 Biology of African Trypanosome Transmission in Tsetse .............................................. 38 Paratransgenic Gene Expression in Tsetse ......................................................................

EAN: 9780387782249
ISBN: 0387782249
Publisher: Springer-Verlag New York Inc.
Dimensions: 25.83 x 17.09 x 1.6 centimetres (0.48 kg)
Age Range: 15+ years
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