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Victims, Perpetrators or Actors?

Armed conflict and political violence are generally viewed as "male domains", perpetrated by men, whether as armed forces, guerrilla groups, paramilitaries or peacemakers. The unavoidable, or deliberate, involvement of women has received far less attention, and there is a tendency to portray a simplistic division of roles between men as aggressors, and women as victims, particularly of sexual abuse. The gendered causes, costs and consequences of violent conflicts have been at best underrepresented and more often misrepresented. In reality, men and women are both actors and victims throughout violent conflict and all stages of conflict (pre, during and post) have gendered implications. The contributors explore the links between political, economic and social violence and illustrate how local community organisations run and managed by women play a key role throughout conflict situations, not only for meeting basic needs, but also as advocates, fostering the trust and collaboration -the "social capital" - that are so critical in reconciliation.
Product Details

Table of Contents

Part I: Contextual Issues on Gender, Armed Conflict and Political Violence 1. Introduction - Caroline O.N. Moser and Fiona Clark 2. The Gendered Dynamics of Armed Conflict and Political Violence - Cynthia Cockburn 3. The Gendered Continuum of Violence and Conflict: An Operational Framework - Caroline O.N. Moser Part II: The Politics of Victimization: Sexual Abuse and Violence 4. The Political Economy of Rape: An Analysis of Systematic Rape and Sexual Abuse of Women during Armed Conflict in Africa - Meredeth Turshen 5. The Body of the Other Man: Sexual Violence and the Construction of Masculinity, Sexuality and Ethnicity in the Croatian Media - Dubravka Zarkov Part III: Gender, Power and Agency 6. Rethinking Women Struggle in Israel/Palestine and in the North of Ireland - Simona Sharoni 7. Women and Communal Conflict: New Challenges for the Women's Movement in India - Urvashi Butalia Part IV: Women as Actors in Armed Conflict and Political Violence 8. El Salvador: Women and Untold Stories - Women Guerrillas - Ana Cristina Ibanez Part V: 'Doing' and 'Being': Questions of Identity in Displacement 9. The Nostalgic Future: Terror, Displacement and Gender in Colombia - Donny Meertens Part VI: Agency and Identity in Building Sustainable Peace 10. Social Organisations: From Victims to Actors in Peace Building? - Isabel Coral Cordero 11. The Challenge to Inequality: Women, Discrimination and Decision-making in Northern Ireland - Marie Mulholland 12. Gender and Social Capital in Contexts of Political Violence: Community Perceptions from Colombia and Guatemala - Caroline O. N. Moser and Cathy McIlwaine Part VII: Gender and Voice in Truth and Reconciliation 13. Locked into Loss and Silence: Testimonies of Gender and Violence at the South Africa Truth Commission - Antjie Krog

About the Author

Caroline Moser is a gender and development consultant who worked for the World Bank before a recent move to the UK Department for International Development (DFID). Fiona Clark has an MA in gender analysis from the University of East Anglia. The Contributors are based all over the world and include a number of Zed authors.

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