In We Created Chavez, by examining social movements and revolutionary groups active before and during the Chavez era, Ciccariello-Maher provides a broad, nuanced account of Chavez's rise to power and the years of activism that preceded it.
Acknowledgments ix Map of Venezuela xii Introduction. What People? Whose History? 1 1. A Guerrilla History 22 2. Reconnecting with the Masses 45 3. Birth of the "Tupamaros" 67 First Interlude. The Caracazo: History Splits in Two 88 4. Sergio's Blood: Student Struggles from the University to the Streets 105 5. Manuelita's Boots: Women between Two Movements 126 6. JoseLeonardo's Body and the Collapse of Mestizaje 146 Second Interlude. Every Eleventh Has Its Thirteenth 166 7. Venezuelan Workers: Aristocracy or Revolutionary Class? 180 8. Oligarchs Tremble! Peasant Struggles at the Margins of the State 200 9. A New Proletariat? Informal Labor and the Revolutionary Streets 218 Conclusion. Dual Power against the Magical State 234 Notes 257 Index 307
George Ciccariello-Maher is Assistant Professor of Political Science at Drexel University.
"We Created Chavez provides a systematic, bottom-up approach to Venezuelan politics from 1958 to the present. It offers a much-needed new perspective on Hugo Chavez's rise to power. Writing in a lively style and demonstrating a thorough command of the issues and personalities in recent Venezuelan history, George Ciccariello-Maher has produced a book essential to understanding the phenomenon of 'Chavismo,' which has attracted widespread interest throughout the world." - Steve Ellner,author of Rethinking Venezuelan Politics: Class, Conflict, and the Chavez Phenomenon "In the United States, accounts of Venezuela have been fixated on the figure of Hugo Chavez. We Created Chavez breaks with this obsession, instead showing the dynamic and contradictory relationship that exists between Venezuela's president and the social forces that gave rise to and sustain the government. It is required reading for anyone wishing to understand the internal dynamics of social change underway in Venezuela today." - Miguel Tinker Salas, author of The Enduring Legacy: Oil, Culture, and Society in Venezuela