Contributors viii Preface xiii Acknowledgments xiv Section I Definitions and History 1 1 Body Image, Disordered Eating, and Eating Disorders: Connections and Disconnects 3 Linda Smolak and Michael P. Levine 2 History of Anorexia Nervosa 11 Tilmann Habermas 3 The History of Bulimia Nervosa 25 Richard A. Gordon 4 History of BED and ED ]NOS 39 Lazaro V. Zayas and Jennifer J. Thomas Section II Epidemiology 51 5 Prevalence and Incidence of Eating Disorders in Western Societies 53 Pamela K. Keel and K. Jean Forney 6 Prevalence and Incidence of Eating Disorders in Asian Societies 64 Kathleen M. Pike, Patricia E. Dunne, and Andrea Grant 7 Prevalence and Incidence of Eating Disorders in Underrepresented Countries 79 Christopher Paul Szabo Section III Diagnosis 93 8 Diagnosing Anorexia Nervosa 95 Emily K. Gray, Helen B. Murray, and Kamryn T. Eddy 9 Diagnosing Bulimia Nervosa 105 Scott Crow 10 Binge Eating Disorder: Diagnosis and Assessment 114 Lindsay Bodell and Ruth Striegel Weissman 11 Diagnosing Other Specified and Unspecified Feeding and Eating Disorders in DSM ]5 (Formerly Eating Disorders Not Otherwise Specified in DSM ]IV) 126 Carol Peterson, Kelly C. Berg, Nora Durkin, and Leah M. Jappe 12 Severe and Enduring Anorexia Nervosa: Diagnosis, Features, and Radical New Treatment Approaches 142 J. Hubert Lacey and Richard Sly 13 Diagnosing Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents 157 Ellen S. Rome 14 Medical Complications and Diagnosing Eating Disorders 170 C. Laird Birmingham 15 Psychiatric Comorbidity in Diagnosis 183 Jennifer S. Coelho, Lea Thaler, and Howard Steiger 16 Cross ]Cultural and Ethnicity Issues in Diagnosis 197 Kathleen Y. Kawamura Section IV Theories 209 17 Biopsychiatric Theories of Eating Disorders 211 Sloane Madden 18 Cognitive ]Behavioral Theory of Eating Disorders 222 Kelly M. Vitousek and Krista E. Brown 19 Feminist Theories of Eating Disorders 238 Taryn A. Myers 20 Psychodynamic Theory of Eating Disorders 253 Kathryn Zerbe 21 Sociocultural Theories of Eating Disorders 269 Rheanna N. Ata, Lauren M. Schaefer, and J. Kevin Thompson Section V Risk and Protective Factors and Correlates 283 22 Body Image Disturbance and the Development of Eating Disorders 285 Ann Kearney ]Cooke and Diana Tieger 23 Cultural Similarities and Differences in Eating Disorders 297 Eileen Anderson ]Fye, Stephanie McClure, and Rachel Wilson 24 Dieting as a Risk Factor for Eating Disorders 312 Eric Stice and Kyle Burger 25 Ethnicity as a Risk Factor for Eating Disorders 324 Jennifer E. Wildes and Kelsie T. Forbush 26 Familial Risk Factors and Eating Disorders 338 Janis Crowther, Kathryn E. Smith, and Gail A. Williams 27 Gender and Eating Disorders 352 Sarah K. Murnen and Linda Smolak 28 Genetic Risk Factors for Eating Disorders 367 Jessica H. Baker, Lauren Janson, Sara E. Trace, and Cynthia M. Bulik 29 Media and Eating Disorders 379 Michael P. Levine and Sarah K. Murnen 30 Neurochemical Components of Undereating and Overeating 394 Susan Murray, Alexandra Arosenius, and Nicole M. Avena 31 Peer Risk Factors and Eating Disorders 408 Carolina Lunde and Ann Frisen 32 Personality as a Risk Factor for Eating Disorders 418 Jason M. Lavender, Kyle P. De Young, and Stephen A. Wonderlich 33 Protective Factors 430 Tracy L. Tylka and Ashley M. Kroon Van Diest 34 Stress, Trauma, and Adversity as Risk Factors in the Development of Eating Disorders 445 Timothy D. Brewerton Section VI Special Groups 461 35 Athletes, Physical Activity, Dancers, and Eating Disorders 463 Trent Petrie and Christy Greenleaf 36 Eating Disorders Across the Lifespan 479 Linda Smolak 37 Eating Disorders in Boys and Men 492 Lina Ricciardelli and Marita McCabe Section VII Assessment 507 38 Screening for Eating Disorders: An Updated Guide 509 Rachel F. Rodgers and Debra L. Franko 39 Clinical Interviews and Eating Disorders 524 Karina Allen 40 Research Tools for Assessing Eating Disorders 537 Drew A. Anderson, Katherine Schaumberg, Erin E. Reilly, and Lisa M. Anderson Section VIII Prevention 555 41 Why Prevention? The Case for Upstream Strategies 557 A. Jordan Filion and Jess Haines 42 School ]Based Prevention 569 Zali Yager and Jennifer A. O'Dea 43 A Feminist Perspective on the Prevention of Eating Disorders 582 Niva Piran 44 Cognitive and Behavioral Approaches to the Prevention of Eating Disorders 597 Carolyn Becker, Kelly MacKenzie, and Tiffany Stewart 45 Media Literacy in the Prevention of Eating Disorders 610 Simon Wilksch and Tracey D. Wade 46 Computer ]Assisted Approaches to Prevention 625 Stephanie Bauer, Carla Minarik, and Markus Moessner 47 Developing an Ecological Approach to Eating Disorders Prevention: The Ontario Project 639 Michael P. Levine and Gail L. McVey 48 Social Policy and Prevention 655 Susan J. Paxton 49 Integration of Obesity and Eating Disorders Prevention: A Holistic Approach to Wellness in Elementary Schools 669 Suzanne E. Mazzeo, Rachel W. Gow, and Allison Palmberg Section IX Issues in Treatment 681 50 The Eating Disorders Treatment Team and Continuum of Care: Saving Lives and Optimizing Treatment 683 Theodore E. Weltzin and Mary E. Fitzpatrick 51 Addressing Gender and Ethnicity in the Treatment of Eating Disorders 698 Heather Thompson ]Brenner, Rebecca Shingleton, and Lauren Richards 52 Medical Complications and Management Strategies in Patients with Severe Restricting and Purging 712 Jennifer L. Gaudiani 53 Treating Eating Disorders in Children and Adolescents 727 Katrina Hunt, Mima Simic, and Ivan Eisler 54 Issues in Treating Comorbidity in the Eating Disorders 742 Amy Baker Dennis and Randy A. Sansone 55 The "Natural" Course of Eating Disorders 757 Tiffany Brown, Kelly Klein, and Pamela K. Keel Section X Therapeutic Approaches 771 56 Cognitive ]Behavioral Therapy for the Treatment of Eating Disorders 773 Anthea Fursland and Susan M. Byrne 57 Dialectical Behavioral Therapy 788 Emmett Bishop 58 Feminist Therapy 801 Karin Jasper 59 Psychopharmacology in the Treatment of Eating Disorders 816 Phillipa J. Hay and Angelica M. Claudino 60 Family Approaches to Treatment 828 Anna C. Ciao, Kristen Anderson, and Daniel Le Grange 61 Medical Nutrition Therapy for Eating Disorders 843 Leah L. Graves and Christina Scribner 62 Interpersonal Psychotherapy in the Treatment of Eating Disorders 859 Andrea E. Kass, Jacqueline M. Patmore, and Denise E. Wilfley 63 Motivational Interviewing and Readiness for Change 873 Pamela Macdonald and Janet Treasure Section XI Controversies and Future Directions 887 64 Perspectives on the Measurement of Outcome 889 Michael Strober and James Lock 65 Is Obesity an Eating Disorder? 901 Kelly C. Allison and Alysia A. Cirona ]Singh 66 Social and Financial Policy in the United States 916 Kitty Westin and Jillian Lampert 67 Toward an Integrated Biopsychosocial Model of Eating Disorders 929 Linda Smolak and Michael P. Levine 68 Planning for Future Research: 10 Critical Questions 942 Michael P. Levine and Linda Smolak Index 953
Linda Smolak is Emerita Professor of Psychology at Kenyon College. She has authored, co-authored, or co-edited eight books, including Body Image: A Handbook of Science, Practice, and Prevention (edited with Thomas E. Cash, 2012) and The Prevention of Eating Problems and Eating Disorders: Theory, Research, and Practice (with Michael P. Levine, 2006). An Associate Editor for Body Image: An International Journal of Research, she has also published dozens of research articles and chapters on body image and disordered eating. Michael P. Levine is Emeritus Professor of Psychology at Kenyon College. He is co-editor of Preventing Eating-Related and Weight-Related Disorders: Collaborative Research, Advocacy, and Policy Change (with Gail L. McVey, Nina Piran, & H. Bruce Ferguson, 2012) and co-author of The Prevention of Eating Problems and Eating Disorders: Theory, Research, and Practice (with Linda Smolak, 2006). The 2013 recipient of the Nielsen Award for Lifetime Achievement from the Founders Council of the National Eating Disorders Association, Dr. Levine is also a Fellow of the Academy of Eating Disorders, which awarded him their Meehan-Hartley Award for Leadership in Public Awareness and Advocacy in 2006, and their Research-Practice Partnership Award in 2008.
"Drs. Smolak and Levine are to be congratulated for this timely, comprehensive two volume Handbook. The list of contributors is impressive, the breadth of topics covered is exhaustive, and the overall organization is superb." James E. Mitchell, M.D., Christoferson Professor and Chair of Psychiatry and Behavioral Science, University of North Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences, President and Scientific Director, The Neuropsychiatric Research Institute "Unquestionably, the most comprehensive overview of eating disorders in the history of the field, edited by two of its most respected scholars. Drs Smolak and Levine have recruited distinguished clinicians and researchers to review every aspect of these illnesses from prevention to treatment. This Handbook should be required reading for any professional that wants to work in this field." Craig Johnson, PHD, FAED, Chief Science Officer, Eating Recovery Center, Clinical Professor of Psychiatry, University of Oklahoma College of Medicine "Eating disorders are serious public health problems. This comprehensive book on eating disorders is edited by two of the pioneers in the field, Drs. Linda Smolak and Michael Levine. Their work on topics such as eating disorders prevention, media and eating disorders, and the objectification of women have greatly informed our knowledge base and current practices. In this outstanding volume, Smolak and Levine pull together many of the leaders within the field of eating disorders. I strongly recommend this book to anyone with an interest in the etiology, consequences, prevention, or treatment of eating disorders." Dianne Neumark-Sztainer PhD, Professor, School of Public Health, University of Minnesota Author, I'm, Like, So Fat!: Helping Your Teen Make Healthy Choices about Eating and Exercise in a Weight-Obsessed World "Renowned scholars Smolak and Levine have assembled the best scientists and clinicians to educate us about the major advances and important questions in the field of eating disorders. This comprehensive handbook is a must-have, rich and accessible resource." Thomas F. Cash, Ph.D., Professor Emeritus of Psychology, Old Dominion University