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Windows Command Line Administration Instant Reference


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Table of Contents

Introduction xix Part I: Command Line Basics 1 Chapter 1: Configuring the Local Machine 3 Configure the Command Window 4 Set the Window Options 4 Change the Font 7 Choose a Window Layout 8 Define the Text Colors 9 Set the Environment 10 Manage Environment Variables with the Set Command 10 Manage Environment Variables with the SetX Utility 13 Perform Common Tasks 16 Clear the Display 16 Determine the Operating System Version 16 Start an Application 16 Work with Services 18 Shut Down the System 19 Obtain Command Line Help 20 Chapter 2: Making Remote Connections 23 Configure the Remote System 24 Change Security and Basic Setup 25 Setup Remote Administrator 28 Use the Remote Desktop Connection Application 30 Create a Connection 30 Use a Saved Connection 35 Set the Display 35 Access Local Resources 36 Run a Configuration Program 38 Optimize Performance 38 Terminate a Session 39 Use the Start Menu 40 Use the Logoff Utility 40 Chapter 3: Automating Tasks 41 View and Manage Tasks Using Scheduled Tasks 42 Configure the Task Scheduler 43 View Tasks 44 Create New Tasks 46 Delete Existing Tasks 50 Manage Tasks Using the SchTasks Command 51 Use the /Create Switch 51 Use the /Delete Switch 53 Use the /Query Switch 53 Use the /Change Switch 54 Use the /Run Switch 54 Use the /End Switch 54 Part II: Managing Data 55 Chapter 4: Working with File and Directory Objects 57 Manage Directory Objects 58 Find Directories 58 Find Directories Using Patterns 59 View the Current Directory 60 Change the Current Directory 60 Create Directories 61 Move Directories 61 Rename Directories 61 Remove a Directory 62 Display a Directory Structure 62 Manage File Objects 63 Find Files 63 Find Files in Sorted Order 64 Find Files by Attribute 65 Find Files Using Patterns 66 Copy Files 68 Perform Bulk File Transfers 69 Remove Files 70 Move Files 71 Rename a File 71 Set File Attributes 71 Work with File Associations and Types 72 Determine File Associations 72 Create File Associations 73 Determine File Types 73 Create File Types 73 Make Data Links 74 Create Simple Hard Links 75 View Simple Hard Links 75 Delete Simple Hard Links 75 Create Hard Links Using the New Technique 76 Create Symbolic Links 76 Create Junctions 77 Chapter 5: Administering File and Directory Content 79 Execute Applications Anywhere 80 View Application Paths 80 Set Application Paths 80 Locate Information in Files 81 Find Simple Strings 81 Find Complex Strings 82 Display Files Containing Strings 82 Perform Case Insensitive Searches 83 Monitor the File System with the FSUtil Command 83 Control File System Behavior 83 Manage the Volume Dirty Bit 86 Obtain the File System Information Using FSInfo 87 Manage Quotas 88 Repair File System Errors 90 Display Data Files 92 Display a Data File on Screen 92 Employ Data Redirection 92 Display Data One Page at a Time 95 Chapter 6: Managing the Hard Drive 99 Save Hard Drive Space 101 Compress Data 101 Uncompress Data 102 View Compression Status 102 Manage the Volume 102 Get Volume Information 103 Manage Volume Labels 103 Format a Disk 103 Mount a Volume 104 Maintain the Volume 106 Determine File and Directory Status 106 Locate Bad Sectors 107 Perform Boot-Time Disk Checks 108 Improve Disk Access Performance 109 Manage Partitions 110 Start DiskPart 110 List the Objects 111 See Object Details 112 Select an Object 113 Rescan a Computer for Objects 114 Create a Partition 114 Create a Volume 116 Clean a Drive 117 Mark a Partition as Active 117 Mark a Partition as Inactive 118 Assign a Drive Letter 118 Remove a Drive Letter 119 Extend a Volume 119 Delete an Object 120 Exit DiskPart 120 Chapter 7: Securing the Data 121 Protect Data 122 Encrypt a File or Directory 122 View Encrypted Files and Directories 123 Encrypt Hidden Files 124 Back Up Recovery Keys and Certificates 125 Add a User to a File or Directory 125 Remove a User from a File or Directory 126 Decrypt a File or Directory 127 Change File and Directory Access 127 Obtain the DACL 127 Find an SID 130 Grant Permission 130 Deny Permission 131 Remove Permission 131 Set the Owner 132 Verify Security 132 Detect Shared Open Files 132 Use the Query Option 132 Use the Disconnect Option 133 Use the Local Option 134 Take Ownership of Files 134 Set Administrator Ownership 134 Set Other User Ownership 135 Part III: Managing the Network 137 Chapter 8: Managing the Network 139 Get the Media Access Control Information 140 Interact with the Network Using the Net Utility 141 Manage Users 141 Manage Accounts 143 Manage Domains and Local Groups 146 Manage Computers 149 View and Close Sessions 149 Perform Server Configuration 151 View Workstation Configuration 153 Manage Services 153 Manage Files 155 Obtain Help for the Net Utility 156 Manage Print Jobs 157 Manage Resources 158 Obtain Statistics 161 Configure Time Synchronization 163 Chapter 9: Working with TCP/IP 165 Manage the Internet Protocol 166 Display the IP Information 166 Renew Addresses for an Adapter 168 Clear the DNS Resolver Cache 168 Renew DHCP Addresses and Register DNS Names 169 Release a Connection 169 Use Basic Diagnostics 170 Check Connections 170 Trace Transmission Paths 171 Track the Network Path 172 Perform Detailed Network Diagnostics 173 Obtain a Copy of NetDiag 174 Perform a Test 175 Understand Diagnostics 175 Locate and Fix Minor Problems 177 Get Network Statistics 177 Display All Connections and Ports 177 Display Application Statistics 178 Display Ethernet Statistics 179 Display Protocol Information 179 Set a Refresh Interval 180 Manipulate the Network Routing Tables 180 Print the Routing Tables 180 Add a New Route 181 Change a Route 182 Delete a Route 183 Chapter 10: Creating System Connections 185 Perform Remote System Management 186 Create Remote Connections 186 Set Up a Telephony Client 190 Perform Remote Windows Management 191 Execute Commands on a Remote System 206 Work with Terminal Server 206 Obtain Process Information 206 Get Session Information 207 Terminate a Session 208 Disconnect an Active Session 208 End Processes 208 Shut Down the Terminal Server 209 Part IV: Interacting with Active Directory 211 Chapter 11: Configuring Directory Services 213 Manage Directory Services Using the WMIC NTDomain Alias 214 List the Objects 215 List Object Properties 215 Get an Object Property 216 Set an Object Property 217 Query an Association 217 Manage Active Directory with the DSQuery Utility 218 Interact with Servers 218 Interact with Users 220 Interact with Computers 223 Interact with Contacts 223 Interact with Groups 223 Interact with Organizational Units 224 Manage the Active Directory Database 225 Issue a Command 225 Use a Stream 226 Chapter 12: Working with Directory Objects 229 Create New Objects 230 Add a Computer 230 Add a Contact 231 Add a Group 233 Add an Organizational Unit 234 Add a User 234 Get Objects 238 List Computers 238 List Contacts 239 List Groups 240 List Organizational Units 241 List Servers 241 List Users 242 Edit Existing Objects 243 Modify Computer Data 244 Modify Contact Data 245 Modify Group Data 246 Modify Organizational Unit Data 246 Modify User Data 246 Move Existing Objects 248 Delete Existing Objects 248 Part V: Performing Diagnostics 251 Chapter 13: Monitoring System Events 253 Create Simple System Events 254 Trigger System Events 257 Create an Event 258 Delete an Event 261 Query an Event 261 Manage Event Information 262 Display a List of Publishers 262 Get a Publisher 262 Enumerate the Logs 263 Query Log Events 264 Get a Log 267 Get Log Status Information 267 Set a Log 267 Export a Log 269 Archive a Log 270 Clear a Log 270 Chapter 14: Monitoring System Performance 271 Add Performance Counters 272 Load a Performance Counter 272 Save Performance Counter Settings 273 Restore Performance Counter Settings 273 Manage Performance Logs and Alerts 274 Create a Performance Log 274 Start Collecting Data 276 Stop Collecting Data 276 Query a Collection 277 Update a Collection 277 Delete a Collection 278 Create New Performance Logs from Existing Logs 278 Remove Performance Counters 281 Convert Event Trace Logs 281 Part VI: Performing Maintenance 283 Chapter 15: Performing Basic Maintenance 285 Configure the Server 286 Understand the SQL Syntax of WMIC 287 Use Aliases in WMIC 290 Get Help in WMIC 302 Format Data in WMIC 306 Translate Data in WMIC 310 Activate Windows 311 Perform an Activation 311 Display the Activation Information 312 Change the Product Key 312 Manage the System Time 312 Update the Time 313 Configure a Time Source 313 Obtain Time Settings Information 314 Manage the Boot Configuration 315 Enumerate the Configurations 315 Get BCDEdit Help 316 Edit an Existing Boot Setting 317 Change the Boot Sequence 318 Set the Default Boot Item 318 Chapter 16: Managing System Users 319 Audit User Access 320 List the Policies 321 Get a Policy 322 Set a Policy 326 Perform a Backup 327 Perform a Restore 327 Clear an Audit Policy 328 Remove an Audit Policy 328 Work with Group Policies 328 Obtain Group Policy Results 328 Manage Group Policies 330 Obtain Session Status Information 331 Get Process Information 331 Get Session Information 331 Get User Information 332 Get Terminal Server Information 332 Get the User?s Identity 332 Obtain User Logon Information 333 Discover User Identity 333 Chapter 17: Securing the System 335 Add Virus and External Intrusion Protection 337 Remove Viruses 337 Detect and Remove Malicious Software 338 Verify System Files 339 Verify Drivers 340 Change the Verifier Settings 342 Configure Local Security Policies 344 Perform an Analysis 344 Configure Security Policies 345 Export Policies 345 Import Policies 346 Validate a Policy File 346 Work with General Applications 347 Use TaskKill and TaskList Filters 347 Terminate Tasks 350 List Applications 350 List Services 351 Chapter 18: Interacting with the Registry 353 Perform Basic Registry Tasks 354 Export a Registry Key 356 Import a Registry Key 357 Delete a Registry Key 357 Save the Registry 358 Restore the Registry 358 Use the SCRegEdit Script 358 Set Automatic Updates 359 Enable Terminal Services 359 Configure the IP Security (IPSec) Monitor 360 Manage the DNS Service Priority and Weight 361 Use the Command Line Reference 361 Manage the Registry 362 Understand the Registry Settings 362 Query a Registry Entry 363 Add a Registry Entry 364 Delete a Registry Entry 365 Copy a Registry Entry 366 Compare Registry Entries 366 Export Registry Entries 367 Import Registry Entries 367 Restore Registry Entries 368 Part VII: Creating Batch Files 369 Chapter 19: Changing the Batch File Environment 371 Use the CMD Switches 372 Configure the Command Interpreter in the Registry 375 Use Command Extensions 377 Modify Config.NT 380 Use ANSI.SYS to Control the Environment 382 Set the Command Interpreter Location 382 Run Character Mode Applications Only 383 Display the Config.NT Commands 383 Control the Expanded Memory EMM Entry 383 Set the Number of Accessible Files 384 Control Extended Memory with HIMEM.SYS 385 Modify AutoExec.NT 387 Set the Code Page Number with the CHCP Utility 387 Add DPMI Support Using the DosX Utility 388 Enable Graphics Character Support with the GrafTabl Utility 389 Save Memory Using the LH Command 389 Install the Network Redirector Using the ReDir Utility 389 Chapter 20: Working at the Command Prompt 391 Redirect Command Line Output to the Clipboard 392 Manage Usernames and Passwords 393 Display Usernames 393 Create Users 394 Delete Users 394 Change Screen Colors 395 Configure the System Date 396 Configure the System Time 396 Change the Command Window Title 397 Chapter 21: Creating and Testing Batch Files 399 Use Batch File Commands 400 Employ the Call Command 401 Employ the Choice Command 403 Employ the Echo Command 406 Employ the Exit Command 406 Employ the ForFiles Utility 407 Employ the For Command 409 Employ the GoTo Command 414 Employ the If Command 414 Employ the Pause Command 418 Employ the Prompt Command 418 Employ the Rem Command 419 Employ the TimeOut Utility 420 Test Batch Files 420 Add Debug Information to Batch Files 421 Identify Batch Files and Their Actions 425 Use a Centralized Data Store 428 Store and Retrieve Directories with the PushD and PopD Commands 430 Part VIII: Creating Scripts 433 Chapter 22: Discovering Scripting Basics 435 Use Scripting Languages 436 Learn the Basics of JavaScript 436 Learn the Basics of VBScript 438 Use the Windows Scripting File 439 Execute Scripts 442 Run Scripts with the CScript and WScript Utilities 442 Configure the Host and Property Page Options 444 Chapter 23: Using the Scripting Objects 447 Use the WScript Object 449 Use the WScript Properties 449 Use the WScript Methods 451 Use the WScript.WshArguments Object 454 Use the WScript.WshShell Object 455 Use the WScript.WshNetwork Object 457 Use the WScript.WshNetwork Properties 457 Use the WScript.WshNetwork Methods 458 Create a Basic Script 462 Script the Command Line and System Environment 463 Script the Registry 466 Create .LNK Files 468 Chapter 24: Creating Advanced Scripting Examples 471 Script Registry Entries 472 Script Networking Solutions 473 Discover the NetSH Helper List 473 Get NetSH Help 474 Execute NetSH Commands 476 Understand the Basic NetSH Contexts 476 Use the Root Context Commands 478 Impersonate a User 480 Change the Environment 481 Change Logons, Ports, and Users 481 Enable or Disable Session Logons Directly 482 List COM Port Mappings 482 Modify the Install Mode 482 Map a Network Drive 483 Create a .CSV File 487 Appendix A: Alphabetical Command List 493 Appendix B: Topical Command List 505 Appendix C: Listing of Best Practices 521 Always Verify the Data 522 Real Administrators Use Help 523 Test Your Theories on a Test System 524 Use Batch Files, Scripts, and Written Procedures 525 Make Backups 526 Perform User-Specific Changes during Downtime 526 Index 529

About the Author

John Paul Mueller, consultant, application developer, writer, and technical editor, has written over 300 articles and 86 books, including Professional IronPython. His topics range from programming and operating systems to home security and accessibility. He has contributed articles to such magazines as DevSource, asp.netPro, InformIT, SQL Server Professional, and Visual C++ Developer, among others. His website is

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