Anti-Americanism in U.S.-Latin American Relations
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|Format: ||Paperback, 272 pages|
|Other Information: ||Illustrated|
|Published In: ||United States, 03 March 2006|
In 1958, angry Venezuelans attacked Vice President Richard Nixon in Caracas, opening a turbulent decade in Latin American-U.S. relations. In "Yankee No!" Alan McPherson sheds much-needed light on the controversial and pressing problem of anti-U.S. sentiment in the world.
Examining the roots of anti-Americanism in Latin America, McPherson focuses on three major crises: the Cuban Revolution, the 1964 Panama riots, and U.S. intervention in the Dominican Republic. Deftly combining cultural and political analysis, he demonstrates the shifting and complex nature of anti-Americanism in each country and the love-hate ambivalence of most Latin Americans toward the United States. When rising panic over "Yankee hating" led Washington to try to contain foreign hostility, the government displayed a surprisingly coherent and consistent response, maintaining an ideological self-confidence that has outlasted a Latin American diplomacy torn between resentment and admiration of the United States.
However, McPherson warns, U.S. leaders run a great risk if they continue to ignore the deeper causes of anti-Americanism. Written with dramatic flair, "Yankee No!" is a timely, compelling, and carefully researched contribution to international history.
Table of Contents
Introduction Anti-Americanism as Historical Problem 1. The Road to Caracas Or, Richard Nixon Must Get Stoned 2. Cuba, 1959 Revolutionary Anti-Americanism and U.S. Panic 3. Panama, 1964 Conservative Anti-Americanism and U.S. Pragmatism 4. Dominican Republic, 1965 Episodic Anti-Americanism and U.S. Containment Epilogue Toward Global Anti-Americanism Abbreviations Notes Selected Sources Acknowledgments Index
Alan McPherson has not only made a valuable contribution to the literature on U.S.-Latin American relations but, more importantly, he has provided a superb analysis of anti-Americanism by identifying its variability, its ambivalence, and the U.S. resilience in confronting the challenge during the critical years framed in this book. In his sophistication and in his writing he demonstrates all the attributes of a seasoned historian. -- Lester D. Langley, author of The Americas in the Modern Age McPherson expertly extends the field of U.S. foreign relations into social and cultural history. In his analysis of U.S. relations with Cuba, the Dominican Republic, and Panama, he deftly avoids the trap of writing international history solely with the 'view from Washington' perspective. I unequivocally recommend it. -- Stephen Rabe, author of Eisenhower and Latin America This timely, deeply researched, analytically rigorous, and handsomely written study probes the many anti-Americanisms that have bedeviled U.S. relations with Latin America. Why do they hate us?' is an urgent question today. McPherson impressively demonstrates that it has profound historical roots that can inform caring policymakers eager to prevent global violence. -- Thomas G. Paterson, author of Contesting Castro McPherson opens a revealing window on the heretofore elusive phenomenon of anti-Americanism. In so doing he takes his place in the front ranks of younger scholars writing about U.S. foreign relations. -- William Walker, Florida International University
About the Author
Alan L. McPherson is Associate Professor of Internatioal and Area Studies, University of Oklahoma.
McPherson examines the years from 1958 to 1966, when anti-Americanism was a prominent theme in inter-American diplomacy, to deliver a helpful reminder that anti-Americanism is not a new phenomenon nor a product only of the Middle East--and that it has been confronted quite effectively in the past, at least when its sources were sought out and taken seriously. He provides several vivid case studies, starting with the attacks on Vice President Richard Nixon in Caracas and continuing on to Cuba, Panama, and the Dominican Republic. Together, these examples show the variability and ambivalence of anti-Americanism; they also emphasize the importance of U.S. policies that respond to its challenges rather than dismissing it as a cynical invention of alienated elites...This well-written and balanced book should be required reading in the White House, in Langley, and around Foggy Bottom. Foreign Affairs 20040301 [Yankee No!] makes a singular contribution to our understanding of a generally neglected aspect of inter-American relations. It represents a bold attempt to add a cultural dimension to diplomatic history. The current upsurge in anti-Americanism across the globe in the wake of the Iraq war makes its appearance most timely. -- Philip Chrimes International Affairs 20041001 This is a book that should be read by everyone interested in foreign relations, not merely historians specializing in the field but others in the academy and general public. Latin America has always been the testing ground for the development of U.S. foreign policies, and McPherson admirably takes these case studies and demonstrates the nature of anti-Americanism, one that bears a striking resemblance to the current global phenomenon. -- Kyle Longley American Historical Review 20041201 [McPherson's] understanding of Latin American anti-Americanism and the U.S. response is more complex and has more analytical depth than any previous study. The book is extremely well researched in both U.S. archival and Spanish-language sources, and combines a rich discussion of U.S. foreign policy through three presidential administrations, with a sophisticated attention to larger domestic historical processes in both the United States and Latin America. -- David Sheinin International History Review Exquisitely timed...McPherson's scrupulous historical account and subtle treatment of inter-American relations illuminates the dilemmas and complexities posed by the multiple variants of anti-Americanism. His superb study can help interpret contemporary political realities and the strains and challenges of managing global affairs in a decidedly unipolar world...McPherson treats 'anti-Americanism' precisely as it deserves to be treated--seriously, carefully, and with great sophistication. -- Michael Shifter Georgetown Journal of International Affairs 20040601 The urgency of Alan McPherson's excellent book increases daily during these tumultuous and sanguinary times. The United States would do well to heed his conclusion, that 'arrogance in the face of aggression eventually produce[s] more aggression'...Yankee No! is a timely call to form a new genre of scholarly inquiry into the global phenomenon of anti-Americanism, which has not been treated widely heretofore. -- Eric Roorda Hispanic American Historical Review Alan McPherson's study in contemporary international history is a timely one. Yankee No! combines cultural and political analysis of the decade or so between the mid-1950s and mid-1960s to uncover 'the broader meanings and workings of anti-Americanism' during a period when it was particularly prominent...Written in an admirably detailed and clear style, Yankee No! should answer the needs both of general readers interested in the modern politics of the Americas and American foreign policy, and of scholars and students of these disciplines. British Bulletin of Publications 20040401 Alan McPherson's monograph on the role of anti-Americanism in inter-American relations is a timely one. As the author correctly observes, the events and aftermath of September 11 added new urgency to the task of unraveling and understanding the roots of anti-Americanism throughout the world...Yankee No! exhibits both solid research and strong writing...As far as McPherson's writing is concerned, his prose is at once concise and engaging. The author has a good eye for the compelling quote, and the title of the first chapter, 'The Road to Caracas: Or, Richard Nixon Must Get Stoned,' combines humor and compelling historical analysis. Although the book is somewhat brief (170 pages of text), McPherson makes persuasive arguments and explains complex events and issues without resorting to jargon. In short, the book is both intellectually provocative and a good read...For both scholars and interested laypeople, it should be considered essential reading. -- Matthew Loayza H-Net
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