Introduction Gracelyn Smallwood; 1. Historical and current perspectives on the health of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people Juanita Sherwood; 2. A history of health services for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people Ray Lovett; 3. The cultural safety journey: an Aboriginal Australian nursing and midwifery context Odette Best; 4. Indigenous gendered health perspectives Bronwyn Fredericks, Mick Adams and Odette Best; 5. Community controlled health services: what they are and how they work Raelene Ward, Bronwyn Fredericks and Odette Best; 6. Indigenous birthing in remote locations: grandmothers' law and government medicine Nicole Ramsamy; 7. Midwifery practices and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women: urban and regional perspectives Machellee Kosiak; 8. Remote-area nursing practice Nicole Ramsamy; 9. Working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander health workers and health practitioners Ali Drummond; 10. Indigenous-led research Bronwyn Fredericks and Raelene Ward; 11. Cultural understanding of Aboriginal mental health and suicides from a social and emotional wellbeing perspective Raelene Ward; 12. Indigenous child health Donna Hartz; 13 Caring for our elders Bronwyn Fredericks, Odette Best and Doseena Fergie.