For additional materials, please contact the author directly: www.mariekedemooij.com"Marieke de Mooij shows that American theories of consumer behavior do not necessarily apply abroad. Her national consumption data are an unobtrusive measure of national cultures. She has made marketing students discover culture, and her work should make cross-cultural psychologists discover the consumer as an informant."
--Geert Hofstede, "Institute for Research on Intercultural Cooperation, the Netherlands"
Consumers worldwide are not the same, and the differences in consumer behavior between countries are increasing. Because all aspects of consumer behavior are culture-bound, and not subject merely to environmental factors but integrated in all of human behavior, there is an increased need to identify and understand this integration and its impact on global marketing and advertising. Consumer Behavior and Culture: Consequences for Global Marketing and Advertising is the first book to present an empirically based model for integrating culture with consumer behavior.
Consumer Behavior and Culture reviews the myths of global marketing and explores the concept of culture and models of culture. It provides empirical evidence of convergence and divergence in consumer behavior and covers various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior used for explaining consumer behavior. The book reviews and discusses cultural variations of these aspects across the world. reviews the myths of global marketing and explores the concept of culture and models of culture. It provides empirical evidence of convergence and divergence inconsumer behavior and covers various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior used for explaining consumer behavior. The book reviews and discusses cultural variations of these aspects across the world.
* A cultural exploration of the various psychological and sociological aspects of human behavior, such as concept of self, personality, group influence, motivation, emotion, perception, and information processing
* A discussion of consumer behavior theories and cultural variations from around the world
* Coverage of a number of consumer behavior domains, including explanations of differences in consumption and ownership, all based on empirical evidence
* In addition to anecdotal evidence, the consequences of branding and marketing communication strategy are presented and analyzed
Perfect for students and practitioners in marketing and advertising, this book is designed to meet the needs of those wishing to view consumer behavior from a global cultural perspective. It is also ideal for those emphasizing the role of minority groups as well as increased multicultural sensitivity in their marketing and advertising strategies.
Chapter 1: Global consumers in a global village? The global village Globalization and global consumer culture Converging and diverging consumer behavior Post scarcity societies and the culture paradigm Global communities? New media Universalism Lack of a sense of history Branding and advertising: From global to multi-local Consumer behavior theory across culturesChapter 2: Values and culture Values Values are enduring Values in marketing Culture defined Comparing cultures Dimensions of culture Hofstede: Five dimensions of national culture Schwartz: Seven value types or motivational domains Comparing models Culture relationshipsChapter 3: Convergence and Divergence in Consumer Behavior Convergence theory Modernization Convergence: Macro- and micro-level Convergence-divergence in consumer behavior National wealth as an explaining variable Over time culture replaces income as an explanatory variable With increased wealth cultural values become manifest Other measurement variables Urbanization Population density Education Age distribution Social classs Ethnicity Climate Consumer behavior, national wealth and cultureChapter 4: The Consumer: Attributes A model of cross-cultural consumer behavior Personality The brand personality concept The concept of self Implications for marketing, branding and advertising Self-enhancement and self-esteem Personal traits Brand personality traits Identity and image Corporate identity and brand identity Attitude Attitude and behavior LifestyleChapter 5: Social processes Motivation, needs and drives Culture-related consumer needs and motives Emotion Emotions in advertising Group processes Reference groups Opinion leadersChapter 6: Mental processes Cognition and cognitive styles Learning and socialization Cognition and affect Language Perception The creative process Attribution Locus of control Information processing Involvement theory Communication and culture Communication styles Advertising styles Decision-makingChapter 7: Consumer behavior domains Product acquisition, usage and ownership Food and beverages Non-durable household products Non-durable personal goods Clothing and footwear Household appliances Consumer electronics Luxury articles Communication technology Computers and the Internet Cars Leisure Finance Shopping and buying behavior Complaining behavior Brand loyalty Diffusion of innovations Media behavior Responses to marketing-communicationsChapter 8: Applications to global marketing and adverting Product-market development across countries Branding strategies Retailing Segmenting international markets Cross-cultural values and lifestyle studies Academic cross-cultural studies Research techniques and methods across cultures Predicting market success The purpose of advertising Advertising research The future of global advertisingAppendix 1 GNP/capita 2001 (US$) and Hofstede country scores for 64 countriesAppendix 2 Data sources
Marieke de Mooij, Ph.D. (Netherlands), is a consultant in cross-cultural communications, as well as a retired profesora associada of international advertising at the University of Navarra in Spain and visiting professor at several universities across the world. She is the author of several academic publications on the influence of culture on marketing and advertising. She has also authored books on culture and consumer behavior as well as culture and communication theory worldwide.
"Prof. De Mooij helps the reader navigate unknown landscapes through interesting anecdotes. Where she goes beyond anecdotes, are the solid analyses around a well-tested statistical model for understanding cultures. Dr de Mooij has written a timely book, one that adds tremendously to informed debate on what culture means for consumption. For practitioners, be they in academia or business, it demonstrates once again exactly how rich insights can be extracted from rigorous data. It is an exhortation to go beyond the first conclusion that springs to mind. Finally, as citizens of a rapidly developing country , all Indian readers would be grateful to the author for asserting what we have always thought but have seldom been encouraged to believe that we are representatives of unique history, heritage and culture. And that being Indian is not a cause for being defensive on the Global Arena." -- Sushobhan Mukherjee "Marieke de Mooij shows that American theories of consumer behavior do not necessarily apply abroad. Her national consumption data are an unobtrusive measure of national cultures. She has made marketing students discover culture, and her work should make cross-cultural psychologists discover the consumer as an informant." -- Geert Hofstede