Introduction Peter Machamer; 1. Galileo's Pisan studies in science and philosophy William Wallace; 2. Galileo's machines, his mathematics and his experiments Peter Machamer; 3. The use and abuse of mathematical entities: Galileo and the Jesuits revisited Rivka Feldhay; 4. Inertial problems in Galileo's pre-inertial framework Wallace Hooper; 5. From Galileo to Augustine Pietro Redondi; 6. Galileo's Copernicanism: the science and the rhetoric William Shea; 7. Galileo's contribution to astronomy and conflicts with the church Noel Swerdlow; 8. Galileo on science and scripture Ernan McMullin; 9. Could there be another Galileo case? Richard Blackwell; 10. The God of theologians and the God of astronomers: an apology of Bellarmine Marcello Pera; 11. The never ending Galileo story Michael Segre; 12. The sepulchers of Galileo: the 'Living' remains of a hero of science Paolo Galluzzi.