Medieval Medicine: A Reader
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|Format: ||Paperback, 592 pages|
|Published In: ||Canada, 01 May 2010|
Medical knowledge and practice changed profoundly during the medieval period. In this collection of over 100 primary sources, many translated for the first time, Faith Wallis reveals the dynamic world of medicine in the Middle Ages that has been largely unavailable to students and scholars. The reader includes 21 illustrations and a glossary of medical terms.
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments Introduction Part I. Medicina: Healers and Healing in Early Medieval Europe (500-1100) Chapter One: The Fragmented Heritage of Ancient Medicine I. The Alexandrian Curriculum in Latin Dress 1. Isidore of Seville: The Canon of Medicine 2. The Old Latin Commentary on the Aphorisms of Hippocrates 3. Teaching the Alexandrian Curriculum in Sixth-Century Italy: Agnellus of Ravenna's Commentary on Galen's On Sects 4. An Early Medieval Summary of Medical Theory: The Wisdom of the Art of Medicine II. Medical Practices in a Changing World 5. An Encyclopedia of Practical Medicine from the Age of Justinian: Alexander of Tralles 6. Galen Enlarged for Practice: Pseudo-Galen, Liber tertius on Pneumonia and Pleurisy 7. Echoes of Methodism: "Aurelius" on Rabies 8. Medical Self-Help for the Gentleman Traveler: The Medicine and Natural Remedies of "Pliny" 9. A Late Antique Estate-Holder's Manual of Home Remedies 10. The Doctor as Connoisseur of Pulses and Urines 11. Prognosis and Prophecy Chapter Two: Christianity, Disease, and Medicine I. Saints as Healers 12. A Sixth-Century Byzantine Saint Dispenses Medical Advice: Theodore of Sykeon 13. The Medical World of Gregory of Tours: Plagues, Doctors, and Saints 14. A Reluctant Bishop-Healer: John of Beverley 15. A Carolingian Therapeutic Passion of Saints Cosmas and Damian II. Rituals of Healing 16. St Sigismund, Patron of Sufferers from Fever 17. "Prayers to the Earth and All Herbs" Chapter Three: Medicine in Early Medieval Courts and Cloisters I. The Doctor at Court 18. The Court Physician in Ostrogothic Italy 19. Dietary Advice for a Merovingian King 20. Alcuin on the Doctors at Charlemagne's Court II. Monastic Medicine in the Early Medieval West 21. The Care of the Sick at the Monastery of Vivarium 22. Medical Injunctions in the Rule of St Benedict 23. A Monastic Defense of Medicine against Rigorist Critics: The Lorsch Leechbook 24. The Plan of St Gall: Medical Facilities within an Ideal Monastery 25. Medicine, Morality, and Meditation in a Monastic Herb-Garden: Walahfrid Strabo's The Little Garden III. The Medical Networks of Missionaries and Bishops 26. The Medical Networks of Eighth-Century Anglo-Saxon Missionaries 27. Bishop Pardulus of Laon Dispenses Medical Advice 28. Elias of Jerusalem Sends a Prescription to King Alfred of Wessex 29. Letters of Medical Advice from Bishop Fulbert of Chartres and His Circle Chapter Four: A Regional Case Study: Medicine in Anglo-Saxon England 30. Bald's Leechbook and Leechbook III Part II. Physica: The Advent and Impact of Academic Medicine (1100-1500) Chapter Five: Salerno: Medicine's "Theoretical Turn" and the Rationalization of Practice 31. Tenth-Century Medicine: The Testimony of Richer of Rheims 32. Constantine the African: The Romance of Translating Arabic Medicine 33. Medical Theory and the Formation of the Articella (1): The Isagoge of Joannitius 34. Medical Theory and the Formation of the Articella (2): Bartholomaeus of Salerno Comments on the Isagoge 35. Salernitan Anatomy: The Second Salernitan Demonstration 36. The Practice of Pharmacy Rationalized 37. The Practice of Therapeutics Rationalized: The Practice of Medicine by Bartholomaeus of Salerno 38. The Practice of Surgery Rationalized: The Surgery of Roger Frugard 39. The Salernitan Tradition of Gynecology: The Trotula Chapter Six: Via scolaris: Medicine in the University I. Faculties and Curricula 40. From Philosophy to Physic: Paris from the Late Twelfth Century to the Late Thirteenth Century 41. Montpellier and the "New Galen" 42. The "University of Arts and Medicine" at Bologna II. Medical Scholasticism in Action: Authoritative Texts and Academic Commentaries 43. Is Medicine a Science? (1) Avicenna and His Commentator Gentile of Foligno 44. Is Medicine a Science? (2) Arnau of Vilanova Argues that Medicine Transcends Theory 45. Is Medicine a Science? (3) Henri of Mondeville on Progress in Medicine 46. The Scholastic Quaestio: Aristotle vs. Galen on the Generation of the Embryo 47. Academic Dissection as "Material Commentary" (1): Mondino de'Liuzzi 48. Academic Dissection as "Material Commentary" (2): Anatomical Illustration 49. Scholastic Medicine Popularized: Bartholomaeus Anglicus on Diseases of the Head and of the Mind Chapter Seven: Theory and Practice in Scholastic Medicine 50. Signs and Diagnosis (1): Gilles of Corbeil on Urines 51. Signs and Diagnosis (2): Epitome on Pulses 52. Causes: The Case of Epilepsy 53. Scholastic Therapeutics (1): Rhazes, Book for Almansor 54. Scholastic Therapeutics (2) John of Gaddesden on Smallpox 55. Scholastic Pharmacology: Bernard of Gordon 56. A Primer on Bloodletting (1): Lanfranc of Milan's Scholastic Phlebotomy 57. A Primer on Bloodletting (2): The "Sign Man": An Astrological Guide to Phlebotomy 58. Is Surgery a Science? (1): Lanfranc of Milan Defends the Intellectual Dignity of Surgery 59. Is Surgery a Science? (2): Henri of Mondeville Defends the Scientific Credentials of Surgery 60. Is Surgery a Science? (3): Guy of Chauliac's History of Surgery 61. A Surgical Sampler (1): Guy of Chauliac on the Treatment of Wounds 62. A Surgical Sampler (2): Teodorico Borgognoni and the New Surgical Diseases 63. A Surgical Sampler (3): Ophthalmic Surgery 64. A Surgical Sampler (4): Surgical Anesthesia? Chapter Eight: Contested Frontiers of Scholastic Medicine: Medical Astrology and Medical Alchemy 65. Panacea or Problem? (1): The Case for Medical Astrology 66. Panacea or Problem? (2): Jacques Despars's Reservations about Medical Astrology 67. Roger Bacon: Alchemy and the Medical Payoff of "Experimental Science" 68. Bisticius: A Florentine Goldsmith and Medical Alchemist Part III. Medicine and Society (1100-1500) Chapter Nine: What is Disease? What is Illness? Doctors' Dilemmas and the Meaning of Suffering 69. Interpreting Symptoms: The Difficult Case of Leprosy 70. Metaphor and Malignancy: The Difficult Case of Cancer (1): Jean of Tournemire Diagnoses His Daughter's Breast Cancer and Receives Divine Medical Aid 71. Metaphor and Malignancy: The Difficult Case of Cancer (2): Guillaume Boucher Treats a Parisian Lady with Breast Cancer 72. The Enigma of Mental Illness 73. Prophecy and Healing: The Meaning of Illness According to Hildegard of Bingen Chapter Ten: Who Can Help? Physicians, "Empirics," and the Spectrum of Practitioners 74. Should Clergy and Monks Practice Medicine? 75. The Faculty of Medicine of Paris vs. Jacopa Felicie 76. The Faculty of Medicine of Paris vs. Jean Domremi 77. Jewish Doctors: The Case of Provence Chapter Eleven: What Can They Do? Clinical Encounters in Medieval Europe 78. The Doctor at the Bedside (1): Precept According to Archimatthaeus 79. The Doctor at the Bedside (2): Precept According to Arnau of Vilanova 80. The Doctor at the Bedside (3): Practice Illustrated by Guillaume Boucher 81. Tried and True: Medical Experimenta ("Proven Remedies") by Arnau of Vilanova 82. Customized Therapeutics: The Medieval Medical Consilium (1) 83. Customized Therapeutics: The Medieval Medical Consilium (2): Gentile of Foligno 84. The Special Challenges of Plague (1): The Report of the Paris Medical Faculty, October 1348 85. The Special Challenges of Plague (2): Guy of Chauliac on the Black Death 86. The Special Challenges of Plague (3): John of Burgundy's Treatise on the Epidemic Chapter Twelve: The Ethics of Medical Care (1): Conscience and the Law 87. Professional Character in the Early Middle Ages: Variations on Hippocratic Themes 88. Ethics of Care in the Early Middle Ages: Christian Reflections 89. Professional Conduct in the Later Middle Ages: From Character to Code 90. Licensing and Accountability (1): Malpractice in Crusader Palestine 91. Licensing and Accountability (2): Legislation Governing Doctors in the Thirteenth-Century Kingdom of Sicily 92. Licensing and Accountability (3): Examining and Supervising Practitioners in Fourteenth-Century Valencia 93. John Arderne's Advice on How to Determine the Fee, and Other Matters of Medical Etiquette Chapter Thirteen: The Ethics of Medical Care (2): Hospitals and the Provision of Charity 94. The Organization and Ethos of a Medieval Hospital (1): The Jerusalem Hospital 95. The Organization and Ethos of a Medieval Hospital (2): The H tel-Dieu in Paris 96. The Organization and Ethos of a Medieval Hospital (3): A Twelfth-Century English Leper Hospital 97. Medical Care in a Medieval Hospital (1): The Jerusalem Hospital 98. Medical Care in a Medieval Hospital (2): John of Mirfield at St Bartholomew's Hospital, London Chapter Fourteen: The Cultivation of Health: Lifestyle, Regimen, and the Medical Self 99. Lifestyle Advice for All (1): The Salerno Regimen of Health 100. Lifestyle Advice for All (2): Aldobrandino of Siena on Health throughout the Life Cycle 101. Lifestyle Advice, Customized (1): The Army on Campaign 102. Lifestyle Advice, Customized (2): A Physician of Valencia Advises His Sons, Who Are Studying in Toulouse 103. Medicalizing the Table and the Home: The Tacuinum sanitatis 104. Medicalizing Sex: Constantine the African Chapter Fifteen: Satires and Critiques of Medicine 105. Dr Galen and Burnel the Ass 106. Petrarch Lashes Out against the Doctors 107. The Doctor as Comic Relief in the Croxton Play of the Sacrament Glossary Index of Topics Sources
Medieval Medicine: A Reader presents a welcome collection of primary sources on the theories and practices of medicine in medieval Europe and the Mediterranean. No comprehensive collection like this has been available before. Covering aspects of the professional training and practice of medicine, the intersections with law and the development of ethical codes, the volume is particularly useful for its rich collection of materials from the early Middle Ages, which have not been well represented in studies of medieval medicine. With helpful introductions that come from long experience teaching on the subject, Faith Wallis's collection will be a boon to any teacher or student engaging for the first time with medieval European medical history. -- Monica Green, Arizona State University Scholarship in recent decades has greatly broadened our understanding of the ways people in the Middle Ages perceived their bodies, their illnesses, and their responses to illnesses. Access to original texts has been, until now, largely confined to specialists. Wallis performs the great service of making these writings accessible through accurate and graceful translations. -- Linda Ehrsam Voigts, University of Missouri-Kansas City Rich and refreshing! The material ranges from academic exposition to clinical advice, from riveting narrative to poignant correspondence, and from piety to satire. The readings are given in full, rather than excerpted. Lucid introductions cover the spectrum of the entire textbook, without ever becoming 'textbookish,' and serious analysis is leavened by sensible asides and keen wit. The readings and comments are perfectly matched in celebrating the vibrant sanitas of medieval medicine. -- Luke Demaitre, University of Virginia
About the Author
Faith Wallis is Associate Professor at McGill University, jointly appointed in the Department of History and the Department of Social Studies of Medicine. She is the co-editor of Medieval Science, Technology and Medicine: An Encyclopedia (Routledge, 2005) and the author of essays and translations on medieval science and medicine.
This collection of relevant texts in the field of medieval medicine proves to be enormously helpful for those who are in need of a good anthology for a class on the history of medicine in the Middle Ages. -- Mediaevistik A truly rewarding work, worth acquiring not only by scholars and teachers of medieval medicine in particular but more broadly by anyone teaching in the field of medieval European history and society. It will also make for compelling reading to anyone curious to explore the sheer range and variety of European medicine in a time of ferment, fascinating intercultural discourse, and far-reaching change. -- The Medieval Review The excellent final product seems to witness years of long work in the testing ground of the classroom. The result is an original and lively collection of medieval texts in modern English about and around medicine, one that also conveys effectively the social complexity and intellectual subtlety of the subject. The collection is an excellent and comprehensive overview both for students and scholars that shows vividly what medicine was for medieval actors and what it is today for historians of medieval medicine. -- Social History of Medicine
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